Armadillo - Nine-Banded Armadillo - Common Long-Nosed
Armadillo - Tatu-hu Verdadeiro
Dasypus novemcinctus
Dasypodidae Family


The Nine Banded Armadillo is primarily a timid and armored mammal, that is found in South, Central and North America, in warm grasslands and forests, and is the most widespread of the armadillos, and is the state animal of Texas. It is mainly solitary by nature and is an animal that can be found in a wide range of habitats. It is a medium sized animal that is primitive looking, but also has unique characteristics. Its awkward appearance, notwithstanding, it is an attractive animal with sharp features.

The little animal is covered with an armor shell around its body, with horny scales. There are certain joints in the shell, which are quite flexible, thereby enabling it to move about comfortably. Their body is covered with thick skin and coarse hair. The carapace is basically divided into three parts – the scapular shield, the pelvic shield and the mid section which contains a series of bands.

Its preferred habitat is dense shady woodlands or pine forests. They are found in a warm and rainy environment, mostly in those regions that resemble their ancestral home. They generally stay in deep burrows during the day; more active at the night. They cannot stay in cold and dry environments, since they are only susceptible to dry and hot weather. It is an easily adaptable animal, and therefore can thrive in any region in open prairies and scrub lands, as well as rainforests. It prefers sandy or loamy soils that can be easily excavated.

The armadillo has poor eyesight, but an extremely well developed sense of smell. They have a habit of digging burrows of very convenient size close to the trunk of the tree. They can jump up to a height of 3 to 4 feet in the air when startled. It can also cross water bodies, since it has the ability to walk underwater. It can float across bodies of way by gulping air into its stomach and intestines. If the water body is shallow, then it will simply walk across it, by just holding its breadth for some time.

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