Southern Toothed Viburnum - Arrowwood - Southern Arrow Wood - Arrowwood Viburnum
Viburnum scabrellum - (Torrey & A. Gray) Chapman
Adoxaceae (Moschatel) Family


Plant is a much-branched shrub with many shoots from its base, or sometimes a small tree with showy clusters of white flowers and blue-black fruit. Its preferred habitat is open areas and at the borders of forest understory. Distribution is throughout the Escambia region.

The leaves are opposite, ovate or rounded, pointed at the tip, blunt of notched at base and bearing straight sunken side veins ending in large teeth. The leaf stalks are long, slender, dull green and nearly hairless above; paler and hairy beneath. The leaves turn shiny red in autumn.

Flowers are in branched, upright long-stalked clusters of numerous flowers each, occurring in late spring and early summer.

Fruit is a rounded or elliptical drupe, blue-black and juicy with a large flattened stone that matures in late summer and autumn.

Arrowwood is a common shrub varying in leaf shape, size and hairiness, occasionally becoming a small tree. Native Americans used the straight young branches as arrow shafts; hence the common name. Arrowwood fruit is eaten by birds. The most recent science has determined that Arrowwood should be classified as a small tree that habits the northern half of the state, while Southern Toothed Virburnum habits the southern 1/3 of the state.


Arrowwood Fruit

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