Magnolia macrophylla Michaux
Magnoliaceae (Magnolia) Family
Bigleaf Magnolia is also known as Silverleaf Magnolia and Umbrella-tree.
This is the tree with the largest flowers and the largest leaves of all native North American species (except for tropical palms) and a broad, rounded crown of stout, spreading branches. The tree is known to reach heights of 40 feet with a trunk diameter of 1-1/2 feet.
The leaves are 15 to 30 inches long and 6 to 10 inches wide. The form is reverse ovate (broadest beyond the middle), mostly blunt at the tip; notched with 2 rounded lobes at the base, no teeth. The color is bright green above, with silvery hairs beneath, stout and hairy leafstalks.
The flowers are 10 to 12 inches wide, cup-shaped, with six white petals, each having a spot at the base. The fragrant flowers occur in late spring and early summer.
Fruit is a cone-like structure, elliptical or nearly round, rose-red in color and composed of many separate short-pointed 2-seeded fruits that mature in the summer.