Bird's Foot Violet
Viola pedata - Linnaeus
Violaceae (Violet) Family

Bird's Foot Violet is also known as Pansy Violet and Hens and Roosters.

Plant is an upright, hairy perennial with a rhizome from which new growth emerges. Flowers occur in the spring on prairies, roadsides and rocky open woods. Distribution is throughout the Escambia region.

Leaves arise from the base on long stalks, consisting of one whole part; palm-like dissection or occasionally lobed.

Flowers are at the end of long stalks; solitary; bisexual; not symmetrical in shape; five sepals and five petals with bottom petal spurred; upper two petals blue, violet, or white and lower three petals are blue, violet or white (may be any combination, but most often all petals are blue to violet and have five stamens).

Fruit is a capsule.

This violet is one of the easiest to identify because of the unique leaf shape. It is
pollinated by bees and butterflies. The bicolor form of this species, with its two upper petals a deep violet and the lower three a lilac shade, is considered the most beautiful violet in the world. All parts of the plant are excellent additions to a garden salad; making perfume and violet jelly.

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