Black Titi - Buckwheat Tree
Cliftonia monophylla
Cyrillaceae (Cyrilla) Family

Plant is a shrub or small tree; heights of 15-20 feet with a trunk diameter of three to four inches. Preferred habitat is damp places, low rich woods and stream banks. Distribution is throughout the Escambia River range.

Leaves are alternate on the branch, clasping the stem or nearly so; widest at the center or oblong to lance-like; leathery to the touch; no teeth and no lobes. Leaf base is wedge-shaped and tip tapers to one side, thus one side is less than equal to the other; sometimes having a small notch.

Flowers are in a raceme (single flower on a stalk and arranged one flower above the other on the flowering stem); bisexual in nature, symmetrical in form, 5 sepals, 5 petals; white to pink, with base clawed; 5 stamens. Flowers occur in late spring and early summer.

Fruit is a drupe.

Pollen from this shrub/tree is considered the very best for making fine honey.

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