Buffalo Gourd - Coyote Gourd - Fetid Gourd
Wild Pumpkin - Stink Gourd
Cucurbita foetidissima Kunth
Cucurbitaceae (Gourd) Family

Buffalo Gourd is a large, coarse, rough-hairy, trailing or widely spreading perennial vine from huge tuberous roots. The stems are solitary to several and trail up to 18 feet or more long. The herbage has a most unpleasant odor when disturbed.

The flowers are about 4 inches broad, yellow to orange, bell-shaped, 5-lobed at the rim. The lobes are recurved at the tips. Male and female flowers are on separate stems of the same plant. The female flowers are pleasantly scented. Each flower arises from the leaf axil.

The leaves are up to 12 inches long, alternate on the stem, coarse, thick, grayish-green, rounded or lobed at the base and strongly veined on the lower surface; rough to the touch.

The preferred habitat of Buffalo Gourd is in sandy or gravelly soils in disturbed areas, rangelands, along railroad embankments, stream banks and fencerows, and occasionally as an ornamental. Distribution is throughout the Escambia region.

Buffalo Gourd is a rank and rampant vine that often covers surrounding vegetation or supports such as fences, wood or junk piles. The fruit is a small gourd which reportedly was boiled and eaten by Indians. The crushed roots were used in washing clothes to render a fresh, scented smell to the clean wash.

The gourd is related to several cultivated crops, including bottle gourds, luffas, muskmelons, watermelons, pumpkins, squashes and cucumbers. It is also the base for hybrid ornamental gourd

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