Bugleweed
Ajuga virginicus
Lamiaceae (Mint) Family

Bugleweed is also known as Water-Horehound, Gypsywort and Ajuga.

Plant is an upright, mat-forming perennial; four to twelve inches tall. Preferred habitat is moist waste places, fields and borders of domestic flower beds. Distribution is throughout the Escambia region.

Leaves are small; opposite; crowded; deeply cut (lobed) or oval with an almost oak-like shape; rough; non-aromatic; saw-toothed; crinkled at margins and slightly curled inward; leaf stalks join at end of heart-shaped base. Stems sometime recline and produce new growth where leaf nodes touch the soil.

Flowers appear in leafy spikes at the end of square stems; stalked whorls arising from the leaf axil; blue to light purple. Flowers occur in the spring and early summer.

Bugleweed was brought to North America by colonists, who grew them for medicinal uses. The early herbalist Nicholas Culpepper described bugleweed in 1653 as “Many times such as give themselves much to drinking are troubled with strange fancies, strange sights in the night time, and some with voices......These I have known cured by taking only two spoonfuls of the syrup of this herb after supper two hours, when you go to bed.”

That just about says it!

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