Rosaceae (Rose) Family
Cockspur Hawthorn is also known as Hog Apple and Newcastle-thorn.
Plant is a small, spiny, thicket-forming tree with short, stout trunk and broad, dense crown of spreading and horizontal branches. Height is usually no more than 30 feet with a trunk diameter of about one foot. Preferred habitat is moist soils of valleys and upland wooded slopes. Distribution is throughout the Escambia region.
Leaves are one to four inches long; usually on the lower end; spoon-shaped or narrowly widest beyond the middle; sharply saw-toothed toward the tip; thick and leathery. Leaves turn orange to red in autumn.
Flowers are small; five white petals; 10-20 pink to yellow stamens and two to three styles. Flowers occur in the spring.
Fruit is a small apple.
The common and Latin species names describe the numerous and extremely long spines, which were sometimes used as pins. The long spines and shiny dark green spoon-shaped leaves make this one of the most easily recognized hawthorns. The tree/shrub has been planted as an ornamental hedge since colonial times.