Asteraceae (Composite Sunflower) Family
Other Names: Blue Daisy, Blue Dandelion, Blue Sailors,
Blue Weed, Bunk, Coffeeweed, Cornflower, Hendibeh, Horseweed,
Succory, Wild Bachelor's Buttons, Wild Endive and Witloof.
Plant is an upright, freely branching perennial with a
taproot. Preferred habitat is roadsides, fields and waste sites.
Distribution is throughout the Escambia region except directly
Leaves are alternate on the stem; one part; no leaf stalk;
basal leaves lance-like to oblong; margins are toothed to dissected.
Stem leaves are reduced upward.
Flowers are in terminal heads; solitary; symmetrical. Disc
flowers absent. Ray flowers are bisexual; numerous; blue to purple
or occasionally white. Flowering occurs in mid-spring and extends
well into summer.
Fruit is achene.
The dried root can be ground and used as a strong coffee
or mixed with coffee. In the spring the young leaves can be cooked
as greens. Chicory was introduced to North America from Europe.