Asteraceae (Composite Sunflower) Family
Other names: Smooth Goldenrod, Early Goldenrod, Giant Goldenrod.
Fruit is a seed which outer layer is fused to it (achene).
Tall Goldenrod was the former state flower of Alabama. However, the good people of Alabama felt that being associated with goldenrod was inappropriate since so many suffer from allergies and the goldenrod was blamed for their misery. In fact, the culprit was ragweed, whose pollen is airborne (goldenrod pollen is distributed by insects). Nevertheless, goldenrod remains the state flower of Kentucky and Nebraska.
There are some 40-50 species of goldenrod in the southeast, and the plant hybridizes easily rendering some plants to be confusing and extremely difficult to distinguish.