Common Mullein
Verbascum thapsus
Scrophulariaceae (Figwort) Family

     

Common Mullein is also known as Velvet Leaf, Mullein and Camper’s Friend.

Plant is an upright, hairy perennial. Preferred habitat is roadsides, disturbed areas and waste sites. Distribution is throughout the Escambia region.

Leaves are in rosettes and alternate; no leaf stalks; lance-like to oblong; no teeth and no lobes.

Flowers are small, yellow and in a raceme; nearly symmetrical in form. Calyx is lobed; corolla is rotate like a wheel; five-lobed and yellow. Five stamens extend beyond the corolla. Flowers occur in the summer.

Fruit is a capsule.

The roots of this plant have been used medicinally as a stimulant. The large, soft leaves may be crushed and moistened and placed over a burned area for temporary relief. In ancient times Roman soldiers dipped the dried stalks in oil and used them as torches while on the march.

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