Common Wood Violet
Viola sororia
Violaceae (Violet) Family

The state flower of New Jersey, Rhode Island, Wisconsin and Illinois

Other names: Florida Violet, Hooded Violet and Confederate Violet.

Plant is an upright perennial with a rhizome from which new growth emerges. Preferred habitat is at roadside, edge of dense woods, open fields and prairies. Distribution is throughout the Escambia region.

Leaves are heart-shaped and attached to stem between base lobes; large, consisting of one whole part; stalked; ovate with toothed margins; tip is rounded; short stem.

Flowers are symmetrical; large; long stemmed; purple to pale blue with a whitish base; heavy purple veins on lip of central petal (reminiscent of wild pansies). Flowers occur in early spring.

Fruit is a capsule

This species is one of the most frequent purple violets in the Escambia region; also found in Mississippi and northeast to the Carolinas. All parts of the plant are edible.


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