Caprifoliaceae (Honeysuckle) Family
Other names: Evergreen Honeysuckle, Trumpet Honeysuckle, Mailbox Honeysuckle, Woodbine, Scarlet Trumpet, Red Honeysuckle, Red Woodbine.
Plant is a twining woody vine. Preferred habitat is deciduous woods or mixed, rich alluvial woods. Distribution is throughout the Escambia region.
Leaves are opposite, oblong to egg-shaped, dark green above and whitened beneath. Leaves just under the flower cluster are opposite and fused at the base like a collar; elsewhere they are stalked; no teeth and no lobes (entire), middle leaves are perfoliate and lance-shaped.
Flower are in drooping clusters in the leaf axil, scattered, bisexual in nature. Calyx is 5-lobed; corolla is symmetrical in form; 5-lobed and yellow; 5 stamens. Flowers occur in the spring.
Fruit is a red drupe, about 1/4 inch in diameter.
Sometimes referred to as Trumpet Honeysuckle or Mailbox Honeysuckle, these grand vines are worthy of much topic. Any child who has picked a honeysuckle blossom to taste the sweet nectar from its nipple-like base can appreciate the evocative name of "honeysuckle." There are many native North American species, but none so widespread or pervasive as the imported Japanese variety. Introduced as a fragrant ornamental for screening and trellises as well as a ground cover on roadside embankments and other easily eroded sites, it soon outgrew its assigned roles
The Coral Honeysuckle is not as invasive as the Japanese Honeysuckle, but it is a very close relatives indeed. The Coral is a little more selective and therefore not seen quite so often as the fragrant white varieties. Easily transplanted to a domestic environment. The greatest redeeming value is not just the brilliant red trumpets but its attraction to hummingbirds.