Asteraceae (Sunflower) Family
Orange Cosmos is an introduced herbaceous annual in the Sunflower
family (Asteraceae). It is native to Mexico, Central America,
and northern South America. In Alabama it can be found statewide.
Orange Cosmos is often planted in roadside wildflower
plantings and as an ornamental. It persists or escapes to roadsides,
vacant lots, and other ruderal habitats. It is an annual with
a tap root. Stems are 2-6 feet in height, green in color, glabrous
or pubescent, and branched.
The leaves are opposite, petiolate, pinnately lobed, with
The flowers are produced in heads. The heads are in corymbs.
Each head is on a long peduncle. Each head has 8-15 orange or
yellow ray flowers and 10-20 orange or yellow disc flowers.
Fruit is an awned achene; fusiform in shape, with a long
beak and barbed awns. Orange Cosmos is listed as an invasive
species in Tennessee.
Page Return to Index Next Page