Lamiaceae (Mint) Family
Dotted Monarda, Monarda punctata L.
Lemon Mint, Monarda citriodora Cer. ex
Monarda is an upright, smooth to hairy perennial. The preferred habitat is rocky woods, sandy areas, swampy bottoms and stream banks. Distribution is throughout the Escambia region.
Dotted Monarda will have leaves that are opposite, consisting of one whole part, leaf stalks, and ovate to lance-like in form. The margins will be toothed and the base is rounded to wedge-shaped. The flowers are terminal heads that are subtended by pink to lavender leafy bracts. The heads are spaced on the stem and the calyx is symmetrical in form. The corolla is yellow spotted with purple. There will be two stamens that extend beyond the corolla.
Lemon Mint will have leaves that are opposite, consisting of one whole part, stalked but nearly sessile, lance-like, tapered to the tip with sides slightly less than equal. The margins are toothed and the base is wedge-shaped to gradually narrowing to the base. The flowers are terminal heads that are subtended by numerous purple, leafy bracts. The heads are spaced on the flower stalk. The calyx is symmetrical in form, five-lobed. The corolla is whitish to lavender. Two stamens will extend beyond the corolla.
Fruit is a schizocarp (an ovary with two or more seed chambers in which the seed chambers separate at maturity).