Drummond Phlox
Phlox drummondii - Hooker
Polemoniaceae (Phlox) Family

Drummond Phlox is also known as Annual Phlox

Plant is an upright, much branched, sticky-glandular, perennial. Preferred habitat is meadows, at roadside and the margins of fields and pastures. Distribution is throughout the Escambia region.

Leaves are long, oval shape or lance-like, alternate (most phlox leaves are opposite). Flowers are red or sometimes white to dark pink; corolla is trumpet shaped with five spreading lobes; five stamens that appear in tight clusters at the end of the stem. Flowers occur in early spring.

Fruit is a capsule.

This southern flower of roadsides and fields escaped cultivation. The species is named for Thomas Drummond, who sent seeds from Texas to England in 1835. They did not fare well in Europe except in protected environments.

The following narrative is provided by Dr. Alvin Diamond, Troy University: Drummond's Phlox is an introduced winter annual in the Phlox family (Polemoniaceae). It can be found at scattered locations across the state but is most common in southeast Alabama. It is native to Texas. In Alabama it can be found on roadsides, along railroads, in fallow fields, in hay fields, and in other open, disturbed sites. Drummond's Phlox is a winter annual with a tap root. Seed germinate in in late winter. Stems are 6-12 inches in height, green in color, and branched above the middle. The stems are glandular pubescent. Leaves are opposite, sessile, oblong to elliptic in outline, with entire margins. The leaves are pubescent on both surfaces. Flowers are produced in terminal cymes. Individual flowers have a 5 lobed calyx and a salverform corolla. The tube of the corolla is glandular pubescent and there are 5 rounded lobes. Flower color varies widely from purple to red or white and bi-colored. Most flowers have a star-shaped “eye” at the mouth of the tube. The fruit is a capsule.

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