Phlox drummondii - Hooker
Polemoniaceae (Phlox) Family
Drummond Phlox is also known as Annual Phlox
Plant is an upright, much branched, sticky-glandular, perennial.
Preferred habitat is meadows, at roadside and the margins of
fields and pastures. Distribution is throughout the Escambia
Leaves are long, oval shape or lance-like, alternate (most
phlox leaves are opposite). Flowers are red or sometimes white
to dark pink; corolla is trumpet shaped with five spreading lobes;
five stamens that appear in tight clusters at the end of the
stem. Flowers occur in early spring.
Fruit is a capsule.
This southern flower of roadsides and fields escaped cultivation.
The species is named for Thomas Drummond, who sent seeds from
Texas to England in 1835. They did not fare well in Europe except
in protected environments.
The following narrative is provided by Dr. Alvin Diamond, Troy
University: Drummond's Phlox is an introduced winter annual in
the Phlox family (Polemoniaceae). It can be found at scattered
locations across the state but is most common in southeast Alabama.
It is native to Texas. In Alabama it can be found on roadsides,
along railroads, in fallow fields, in hay fields, and in other
open, disturbed sites. Drummond's Phlox is a winter annual with
a tap root. Seed germinate in in late winter. Stems are 6-12
inches in height, green in color, and branched above the middle.
The stems are glandular pubescent. Leaves are opposite, sessile,
oblong to elliptic in outline, with entire margins. The leaves
are pubescent on both surfaces. Flowers are produced in terminal
cymes. Individual flowers have a 5 lobed calyx and a salverform
corolla. The tube of the corolla is glandular pubescent and there
are 5 rounded lobes. Flower color varies widely from purple to
red or white and bi-colored. Most flowers have a star-shaped
eye at the mouth of the tube. The fruit is a capsule.