Dutchman's Pipe
Aristolochia macrophylla, syn. A. durioromentosa
Aristolochiaceae (Birthworth) Family


Photo courtesy Pete Williams

Dutchman’s Pipe is also known as Pipe Vine.

Plant is a tall, woody climbing vine with pipe-shaped (S-shaped) flowers. Its preferred habitat is mainly near streams, but is known to find habitat in dense, rich woods. Distribution is throughout the Escambia region, except directly at seashore.

The leaves are large, heart-shaped, long leaf stalk, no teeth and no lobes.

Fruit is a capsule.

The flowers are solitary or paired in the leaf axil; bisexual in nature, irregular in shape. The sepals are 3-lobed; yellowish or tan with purple lobes and mouth; six stamens, no petals. The flower is carrion-scented. Flowers occur in the spring and early summer.

Related species are A. serpentaria (which may be erect or reclining), and A. durior (a climbing vine). Dutchman’s Pipe is often cultivated in wildflower gardens. The flowers were once used as an aid in childbirth, since they were thought to resemble a human fetus.

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