Early Sneezeweed - Spring Sneezeweed -
Savannah Sneezeweed

Helenium vernale
Asteraceae (Composite Sunflower) Family

Plant is an upright, unbranched, perennial. Preferred habitat is wet ditches, pond margins, bogs, low lands. Distribution is moist pinelands and savannas in the coastal region of the Escambia region.

Leaves are oblong with scattered teeth; short leaf stalks (if any); base somewhat clasping the stem; sometimes bristly to the touch; abrupt tip with sides less than equal, slightly rolled under. Basal leaves are usually in a whorl and measure about three inches long; scattered small leaves clasp the stem.

Flower is a head at the end of a tall stem; disc flowers are brown; bisexual; symmetrical in shape and arranged in a honeycomb effect. Ray flowers are yellow; sterile and three-lobed at the tip. Flowering occurs in early spring.

Fruit is a seed which outer later is fused to it (achene).

Because of preferred habitat the plant is sometimes confused with the a Balduina Honeycomb Head.

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