Engelmann Daisy
Engelmannia pinnatifida
Asteraceae (Composite Sunflower) Family

Engelmann's Daisy is an upright to spreading, densely course-hairy, stout perennial herb to 3 feet tall. Its preferred habitat is calcareous loam and clays in grasslands, savannahs and prairies. Distribution is occasional in the Escambia region.

The leaves are mostly basal, 8 to 12 inches long, forming large clumps or rosette, placed alternate on the stem, long leaf stalks. The blade is deeply cut or lobed. The lobes themselves or lobed or toothed. The few upper leaves are reduced in size, stalkless and entire, or may be coarsely toothed.

The flowers, few to several in terminal clusters. Each flowerr is on a long stalk. Ray flowers are usually 8, yellow, expanding in later afternoon, then folding under or downward in intense heat and sunlight the next day. The disc flowers are yellow and bisexual in nature. Flowers occur in the summer.

Fruit is achene.

Engelmann Daisy is readily eaten by livestock and has been grazed from much of its former range. It is primarily a species of native grasslands and ungrazed areas. The genus honors George Engelmann (1809 - 1884), a German-American botanist based in St. Louis, who classified many new species in the Mississippi delta.

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