The Eastern Fence Lizard is a distinctive species not easily confused. It ranges in size from 3 to 7 inches long. the body is covered with rough, raised scales, which are gray to brown, with dark wavy crossbars or dark and light stripes. Males have bluish patches on the throat and belly. The colored areas on the throat and sides of the body are more brilliant in breeding males.
Its preferred habitat is wooded areas, dry hillsides, and sunny, open woodlots.
Mating occurs in April or May. Five to 15 eggs are laid in soil and rotting logs and under surface debris in June, July, or early August. Hatchlings are usually first seen in late August. The main food items are insects, but other invertebrates are also eaten. Predators include snakes and birds.
The Eastern Fence Lizard is North America's most widespread lizard.