Cornaceae (Dogwood) Family
State flower of Virginia and North Carolina.
Plants is a small tree. Its preferred habitat is thin woods, roadsides and at the margin of forests. Distribution is throughout the Escambia River range.
The leaves are opposite on the stem, consisting of one whole part, short leaf stalks, widest at the middle, often forming an angle to the left, tapering and sometimes pinched. The leaf base is wedge shaped.
The flowers are headlike clusters supported by four large petal-like bracts. Each flower is bisexual in nature and symmetrical in sform, 4 large white sepals that are notched and pinched, 4 small petals, greenish yellow, 4 stamens. Flowers occur in the spring.
Fruit is a drupe.
The inner bark of Dogwood was once used as a remedy for fevers and malaria. The wood is extremely hard and used for making handles, spindles and several other products.