GLOSSARY OF TERMS - Wildflowers of the Escambia

 

Achene
Acuminate
Acute

Adventitious
Aggregate Fruit
Alluvial
Alternate Leaves
Annual
Anther
Apex
Attenuate
Auricle

Auriculate
Axil
Axillary
Banner
Basal
Basic
Beach

Berry
Biennial
Bilabiate
Bipinnate Leaf

Bladder
Blade
Bog
Brackish
Bract
Bulb
Calcareous
Callus
Calyx
Calyx Tube
Campanulate
Capitate
Capsule

Carpel
Cathartic
Chlorophyll
Clalsping
Clavate
Claw
Coast
Column
Complete
Compound
Compound Leaf
Cordate
Corm
Corolla
Corona (Crown)
Corymb
Crenate
Cuneate
Deciduous
Decompound
Decurrent
Dehiscent
Dentate
Dichotomous
Dioecious

Disc Flowers
Dissected
Divided
Drupe
Dune
Elliptic
Emarginate
Entire
Epiphytic
Equitant
Estuary
Evergreen
Fascicle
Filament
Filiform
Flatwoods
Flood Plain
Follicle
Forb
Funnelform
Fusiform
Glabrous
Glades
Gland
Glaucous
Hardwoods
Hastate
Head
Helicoid
Herbaceous
Hip
Horn
Hypanthium
Imperfect Flower
Indehiscent
Inferior Ovary
Inflorescence
Innerdune
Internode
Involucre
Irregular Flower

Labiate
Lanceolate

Leaflet
Legume

Ligule
Linear
Lip
Lobe
Lument

Margin
Marsh
Mericarp

Mixed Woods

Monoecious
Netted Venation
Node
Nut
Nutlet
Obcordate
Oblanceolate
Oblique
Oblong
Obovate
Obtuse
Ocrea
Opposite

Oval
Ovary
Ovate
Ovoid
Palmate
Panicle
Pappus
Parallel Venation
Parasite
Pedicel
Peduncle
Peltate
Perennial
Perfect Flower
Perfoliate
Perianth

Petal(s)

Petaloid
Petiolate
Petiole
Pinelands
Pinnate

Pistil
Plicate
Pome
Prairie

Prickle
Prostrate
Raceme

Rachis
Ray Flower
Receptacle

Recurved
Reflexed
Regular Flower

Rhizome
Rock Outcrops
Rosette
Rotate
Saccate
Sagittate
Salt Flat
Salt Marsh
Salverform
Samara
Saprophyte

Scapose
Schizocarp

Sepal

Serrate
Sessile
Sheath
Shrub
Silicle
Silique
Simple
Solitary
Spadix
Spathe
Spatulate
Spike
Spine
Spur
Stamen
Sterile
Stigma
Stipule
Stolon
Stoloniferous
Style
Subtend
Subulate
Succulent
Superior Ovary
Swamp
Synonyms
Taproot
Tendril
Terminal
Ternate
Terrestrial
Thorn

Trailing
Trifoliate

Tripinnate
Truncate
Tube
Tuber

Tubular
Twining
Umbel

Urceolate
Utricle
Vine
Whorled
Wing
...............................
One-seeded fruit in which the outer layer is fused to the seed.
Tapering to a long or short Point.
Tapering to the tip with the sides at the tip forming an angle less than a right angle.
Roots derived from stems or leaves.
A head-like cluster of fruits on a common receptacle (strawberry).
Composed of soil deposited by a river or by other moving water.
One leaf per node.
A plant that completes its life cycle in one growing season.
The part of the male organ (stamen) where pollen is produced.
The tip or top.
Gradually narrowing to the base.
An earlobe-shaped projection or appendage at the base of some leaves and petals.
Having an auricle(s).
The angle between a stem or leaf and its axis.
Within the axil.
The upper petal of the pea-shaped flower of the Fabaceae family.
Related to or situated at the base.
As related to soils, rich in alkaline minerals.
That portion of the coastline lying between the lowest tide and the highest tide and composed of sand.
A fleshy fruit with numerous seeds (tomato).
A plant that completes its life cycle in two years.
Having a corolla with two lips.
A leaf that is divided into segments, with each segment divided again into segments (twice compound).
An inflated, thin-walled structure.
The expanded, flat portion of a leaf or petal.
A wetland area in which organic matter accumulates as peat.
Water that is intermediate between salt and fresh water.
A leaf-like structure just below a flower.
An underground stem surrounded by fleshy modified leaves.
Being rich in calcium; pertaining to limestone or chalk.
A hard protuberance.
The collective term for all the sepals of a flower.
The part of the calyx where the sepals are fused.
Bell-shaped.
A head-like or compact, spherical cluster of flowers.
A dry fruit that is dehiscent and many seeded; develops into two or more carpels.
A single pistil. There may be one or more per flower.
A compound that stimulates evacuation of substances from the body.
The green pigment of plants.
Having the lower part of a leaf blade partially surround the stem.
Club-shaped.
The narrow base or stalk of some petals.
An area of land adjacent to an ocean or sea.
Filaments that are united.
A flower that contains sepals, petals, stamens and pistils.
Composed of two or more similar structures.
A leaf that is divided into two or more distinct segments.
Heart-shaped and attached between lobes.
A thickened, short, upright underground stem.
All the petals of a flower; the inner series of the perianth
An outgrowth between the stamens and corolla
A relatively flat-topped, open cluster of flowers
Having toothed leaf margins with rounded teeth
Wedge-shaped
Having leaves that fall off at the end of a growing season
Divided more than once
Extending down from the point of attachment
Opening by pores or slits; anthers opening to shed pollen
Having triangular teeth at right angles to the edge of the structure
Two branched, with branches equal or nearly equal in length
Containing flowers of only one sex. Male and female on separate plants
Tubular flowers of the Asteraceae
Usually deeply divided into segments; used in reference to leaves
Deeply lobed, nearly to the midrib
A one-seeded, fleshy fruit. Like a peach or plum
A mound of loose sand deposited by wind
Being widest in the center
Having a notched apex, used in reference to leaves and petals
Having no teeth or lobes on the leaf edge
Nonparasitic but still growing on another plant
Overlapping in two ranks
An inlet from the sea or ocean where fresh and salt water mix
Bearing green leaves throughout the year for a number of years
A bundle or cluster of leaves
Thread-like structure; portion of a stamen that supports the anther
Leaves are thread-like
A relatively flat, wooded area
A lowland that is subject to periodic flooding
A dry fruit that contains more than one seed; splits open at maturity
Any herbaceous plant other than sedge, rush or grass
Funnel-shaped, with the tube widening toward the top
Broadest at the middle and tapering in both directions
Without hairs
Small openings in the forest
A secreting organ
Covered with a whitish or bluish waxy substance
Forest area dominated by oak and/or hickory
Leaves that are arrowhead-shaped, with the lobes pointing outward
A dense cluster of flowers on a common receptacle
Spiraled
Having the characteristics of an herb
The fruit of a rose
A tapering appendage similar in shape to a cattle horn
A structure formed by the fusion of sepals, petals and stamens
A flower containing either stamens or pistils but not both
Not opening by suture lines or pores
Ovary situated below the sepals, petals and stamens
The flowering part of a plant
Between the dunes
The portion of a stem between two nodes
A whorl of separate or fused leaves or bracts subtending the flower
A flower that can be divided into only two parts, each being the mirror image of the other
Composed of two opposed parts, used in reference to flowers
Lance-shaped; several times longer than broad and widest at the base
One of the divisions of a compound leaf
A dry fruit that contains more than one seed and splits along two sutures
A flat, strap-like body
Narrow with parallel sides, as in a leaf
The upper and lower segments of a labiate flower
A rounded segment of an organ, as on a leaf or petal
A legume that is constricted into a linear series of segments, each containing a seed
An edge, as in a leaf's edge
An area of land that is constantly saturated with water, fresh or salt
The individual carpel of a schizocarp, the portions of a fruit, each individually appearing as fruit
A forest in which several different species are dominant or compete for dominance
Containing flowers of both sexes
The veins of a leaf form a network
The point on a stem where a leaf, branch or flower originates
A hard, one-seeded fruit that does not split
A small nut; often applied to any small, dry, nut-like fruit
Heart-shaped but attached the point
Lance-shaped but attached at the tapered end
With unequal sides
Two to four times longer than wide with parallel sides
Egg-shaped but attached at the narrow end
Nearly rounded, blunt
A tube formed by the fusion of a pair of stipules
Leaves, stems or flowers located at the same level and on opposite sides of the supporting structure
Broadly elliptical, with the width more than one-half the length
The part of the pistil that bears the ovule (future seed)
Egg-shaped and attached at the widest end
A three-dimensional, egg-shaped figure
Having three or more veins or leaflets arise from a common point
A compound raceme
A modified calyx of the Asteraceae, composed of bristles and scales
The veins of a leaf are arranged parallel to one another
An organism that is nutritionally dependent upon another
The stalk of a single flower
Main stalk of an entire inflorescence
Having the petiole attached at the center; refers to leaves
A plant that continues to grow for more than two years
A flower containing both stamens and pistils (bisexual)
Having two or more opposite or whorled leaves fused into a collar
A collective term for the calyx and corolla together or either one if one is absent
The sterile part of the flower that forms a series of usually pigmented structures just above the sepals
Petal-like; often applied to the sepals and bracts
Having a petiole
The stalk of a leaf
Forest in which pines are essentially the only trees
An elongated axis with branches, leaflets, or veins arising along both sides
The female part of the flower
Folded lengthwise into pleats (like a fan)
A fruit from an inferior ovary consisting of a berry-like structure
In the southeast, an open and extended area characterized by big and little plants
A sharp-pointed, usually small outgrowth of the bark or epidermis
Lying on the ground
A single inflorescence with stalked flowers arranged along an elongated stem
The axis of a compound leaf or inflorescence
The ligulate (strap-shaped) corolla of the Asteraceae
Expanded portion of a flower stalk on which the floral parts are attached
Curved downward or backward
Bent abruptly downward
A flower in which a line bisecting the flower through the center will produce symmetrical halves
An underground horizontal stem
Area in which bedrock is exposed
A circular arrangement of leaves at the base of the plant
Wheel-shaped, with a short tube
Sac-shaped or pouch-shaped
Having arrowhead-shaped leaves, with the lobes pointing downward
A nearly unvegetated area in or near a salt marsh
A marsh subject to periodic flooding by saltwater
A flower with a long, slender tube that flares at the tip
A dry, winged fruit that does not split open at maturity
A plant that usually lacks chlorophyll and lives on dead organic material
Having a leafless flowering stem
An ovary with two or more seed chambers; the chambers separate at maturity
The sterile part of the flower that forms the green outer series of structures (calyx)
Sharp toothed
Lacking a stalk; usually in reference to certain leaves
A tubular envelope
A woody plant with several stems arising from a common base
A short silique that is usually as long as it is broad
A dry fruit with two seed chambers separated by a false partition
Consisting of only one part
Alone; one
A thick, fleshy spike densely covered with imperfect flower
A bract that encloses or sheaths an inflorescence
Spoon-shaped; broadest at the apex and tapering to the base
An inflorescence with sessile flowers along an elongated axis
A sharp-pointed, rigid outgrowth from the wood of the stem
A hollow, sac-like or tubular extension from a petal or sepal
The male part of a flower
Not producing pollen or eggs
The part of the pistil located at the tip; usually receives the pollen
An appendage at the base of the petiole or leaf
A trailing, above ground stem that roots at the tip
Having stolons
The stalk-like part of the pistil between the ovary and stigma
To occupy a lower position than and be adjacent to another structure
Awl-shaped
Fleshy or spongy and filled with water
An ovary situated above the stamens, petals, and sepals
A low, wooded area under the influence of fresh water
Two or more scientific names applied to the same plant
The primary root; often fleshy
A twining or clasping structure derived from a modified stem
At the end point
Arranged in threes
A plant growing from soil
A rigid, sharp-pointed structure originating from wood and differing from a spine
Lying on the ground but not rooting
A compound leaf consisting of three leaflets, all arising from a common point
A leaf that is three times pinnate
With the tip or base squared; usually referring to leaves
A hollow cylindrical structure; usually in reference to a flower
A thickened, short underground stem or branch of a stem serving as a storage organ (potato and some orchids)
Having a tube
Climbing by coiling around a support
A rounded or flat-topped inflorescence with the pedicels of the flower arising from a common point
Urn-shaped; cylindrical or ovoid and contracted at the mouth
A bladder-like body; dry thin-walled, one-seeded fruit
A climbing plant
Three or more leaves or flowers at a single node
The lateral petals of the Fabaceae; a thin expansion of the surface of an organ

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