Gopher Apple - Ground Oak
Licania michauxii Prance
Chrysobalanaceae (Coco Plum) Family

Plant is an upright perennial with a thick primary stem that grows underground as well as above. The slender above ground stems are seldom more than eight inches tall; clusters of small white flowers and evergreen leaves. Preferred habitat is rocky woods, roadsides and sand hills. Distribution is throughout the Escambia region.

Leaves are smooth; shiny; oblong; widest above the center; wedge-shaped at base, stalked; whole part; no teeth and with slightly wavy margins.

Flowers are small; white; five petals fused to form an urn-shaped corolla. Stamens extend beyond corolla lips. Flowers occur in the spring and summer.

Fruit is a large pome (apple) that matures in autumn (a favorite of the gopher tortoise).

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