Autumn Leaf of Green Ash - Red Ash
Fraxinus pennsylvanica
Oleaceae (Olive) Family

Green Ash is a medium-sized tree with a rounded or irregular crown of shiny green foliage.n enlarged and buttressed base and a narrow crown of spreading branches. The tree may reach a height of 60 feet and attain a trunk diameter of 1.5 feet. That being said, the Green Ash normally seen in the Escambia region is a much smaller tree usually about 35 feet with a trunk diameter of 10 inches. Its preferred habitat is wet soils of swamps and valleys in floodplain forests. Distribution is throughout the Escambia region.

The leaves are opposite on the branch, 6-10 inches long and made up of 5-9 leaflets (usually 7). Each leaflet is 2-5 inches long and about 1-2 inches wide; paired except at the tip. Leaves are lance-shaped or ovate in outline; coarsely saw-toothed or may have no teeth. Color is pale green on the upper surface; slightly hairy beneath; turning yellow in autumn.

Flowers are small and greenish; without a corolla and in small clusters of many flowers each; appearing in early spring before leaves emerge.  Male and female flowers are on separate trees.

Fruit is flat (similar to pine), about 2.5 inches long with a narrow wing extending nearly to the base of the narrow body; usually seen hanging in clusters. Seeds mature in late summer and autumn.

Green Ash is the most widespread native ash, the species extending westward into the plains and nearly to the Rocky Mountains. The trees are one of the most successful hardwoods in the Great Plains shelterbelt; hardy, fast-growing. Green Ash is also planted on spoil banks after strip mining, as well as for shade. The wood of all ash is used to make baseball bats and other athletic equipment.

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