Berlandiera pumilla - (Michaux) Nuttalle
Asteraceae (Composioft Sunflower) Family
Plant is an upright perennial with a taproot; rough-pubescent; branched stems; sometimes reclining. Preferred habitat is sandy soils, thin woods and clearings. Distribution is throughout the Escambia region.
Leaves are primarily at the bottom; spatula-shaped; nearly clasping the stem; hairy; coarsely toothed; long leaf stalks or nearly clasping.
Flowers are solitary; long stem; arising from branch forks; rough bracts in three tiers; center ring of bracts the larger. Disc flowers are red to maroon, with chaff. Rays are two to thirteen; usually eight; virtually no pappus. Tube flowers fall away exposing a green crown. Flowers occur in the summer.
Fruit is a capsule.
A related species, B. lyrata, has large velvety leaves and grows in limestone saturated soil. B. subacaulis is generally considered a Florida species but may be found in Alabama and Georgia where state lines meet.