Greeneyes Sunflower
Berlandiera pumilla
Asteraceae (Composite Sunflower) Family

Other names: Eastern Greeneyes and Soft Greeneyes.

Plant is an upright perennial with a taproot; rough-pubescent; branched stems; sometimes reclining. Preferred habitat is sandy soils, thin woods and clearings. Distribution is throughout the Escambia region.

Leaves are primarily at the bottom; spatula-shaped; nearly clasping the stem; hairy; coarsely toothed; long leaf stalks or nearly clasping.

Flowers are solitary; long stem; arising from branch forks; rough bracts in three tiers; center ring of bracts the larger. Disc flowers are red to maroon, with chaff. Rays are two to thirteen; usually eight; virtually no pappus. Tube flowers fall away exposing a green crown. Flowers occur in the summer.

Fruit is a capsule.

A related species, B. lyrata, has large velvety leaves and grows in limestone saturated soil. B. subacaulis is generally considered a Florida species but may be found in Alabama and Georgia where state lines meet.

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