Henbit Mint
Lamium amplexicaule
Lamiaceae (Mint) Family

Plant is an upright annual. Its preferred habitat is roadsides, yards, and waste areas. Distribution is throughout the Escambia region.

The leaves are opposite on the stem, consisting of one whole part, stalked, ovate to kidney-shaped, with margins toothed. The leaf tip is obtuse to rounded, and the base is truncate.

The flowers are axillary clusters subtended by nearly clasping leaves. The calyx is symmetrical in form, 5-lobed. The corolla is light purple, 5-lobed. The lower lip is spotted with darker purple. There are four stamens. Flowers occur in late winter and spring.

Fruit is schizocarp.

The genus name is from the Greek lamios (thread), and refers to the straight corolla tube. The species name is from the Latin for clasping or embracing, describing the leaves. The common name implies that the green leaves are among the first plants to be seen in the spring and are eaten by chickens.

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