Horse Nettle
(Carolina Horse Nettle - Bull Nettle - Carolina Nightshade)
Solanum carolinense
Solanaceae (Nightshade) Famiily

Plant is an upright, mostly smooth annual. Preferred habitat is roadsides, woodland edges and old fields. Distribution is throughout the Escambia region.

Leaves are alternate on the stem; stalked; egg-shaped to lance-like; tapers to the tip with sides less than equal. To distinguish from the related Horse Nettle there are no spines on the underside of the Black Nightshade leaf. Leaf margins are toothed and base is wedge-shaped.

Flowers are umbel-like; drooping clusters; bisexual and symmetrical in form. Calyx is lobed and corolla is rotate (like a wheel); usually with reflexed lobes; five stamens that extend beyond the corolla. Color is white to pale blue. Flowers occur in the spring and summer.

Fruit is a berry that contains hard granules.

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