Johnny-Jump-Up / Wild Pansy
Viola rafinesquii
Violaceae (Violet)


Wild Pansy is an upright, smooth to slightly hairy perennial with a rhizome from which new growth emerges. Its preferred habitat is old fields, yards, pastures and roadsides. Distribution is throughout the Escambia region.

The leaves are alternate on the stem; consisting of one whole part; stalked; lance-like, egg-shaped or spatula-like; no teeth or slightly toothed. Stipules (an appendage at the base of the leaf stalk or the leaf) are leaf-like and pinnately divided.

Fruit is a capsule.

The flower is singular at the tip of a long stalk. Each flower is bisexual in nature; not symmetrical in shape and form. There will be five sepals and five petals. The color is usually lavender, becoming whitish toward the base, marked with purple veins and a yellowish center. The spurs are not always prominent; five stamens. Flowers occur in the spring.

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