Pteris vittata - Linnaeus
Millions of spores are produced during the life cycle of a single fern, safeguarding the persistence of fern populations. Spore survival is low compared to the number of spores that are produced; however, this plant can out-compete native vegetation due to its invasive nature. The amount of spores produced can certainly provide a challenge for its control. Steps to prevent spore movement or formation are the key in controlling brake fern. Since the microscopic spores are easily transported via clothing, wind and possibly water, contamination is a constant threat. Control measures should be employed when the fern is not producing spores, which occurs year-round in this area.