DICTIONARY OF LATIN TERMS

 

This dictionary is not intended to list every Latin term used, but it will give the reader a better understanding of the scientific genus and species name. The genus (generic) or species name (noun) is capitalized; the second word is an adjective and is always in lower case; Coreopsis lanceolata (a sunflower with lance-like leaves).

The original system of identification was devised in 310 b.c. and the ancient scientists named plants and animals by using a one-word generic name, followed by a descriptive phrase. For instance, a white rose might be described as Rosa alba, caule petiolisque aculeatis, calycis foliolis indivisis (white rose with leaves that are on stalks, have thorns like teeth, and are arranged in individual segments). The system was so clumsy no one could remember one plant's description.

In 1753, Carolus Linnaneus devised and presented a two-word system that would name the plant and then a single word that would aptly describe its characteristics. It revolutionized the naming of plants and animals and continues in use today even though Latin is a dead language. When the system was devised all scholars wrote in Latin and the words were italicized, a practice put to good use. The system has held together because the names are the same everywhere, irrespective of local languages.

With that brief description of the identification system it is hoped that this dictionary will help the reader understand the plant flower being viewed.

Abottii -- Proper name, Abott, in his honor
Acerni --
Harsh, beneath another
Acetosella -- Bitter like vinegar, sour
Aculeatus -- Sting, painful, cutting, biting
Acuta -- Acute, sharp points, at an angle
Acutella -- Thin, single, resembles plates
Adnatus -- Joined like a chain, scales
Aerolata -- Copper, rust, chain-like links
Aeruginosa -- Dusty, mournful, appears green
Affinis --
Like, related in the family of violets
Alabamae -- Origin of discovery, virtual
Alata --
Wings, having wings, soar with wings
Alatum --
Appears to be wings
Albescens --
Milky stalk, powdery stalk
Albidum --
Albino, white
Albiflora --
White flowers, pale, foamy, produces white flowers
Alborescens -- White flowers in an umbel, arbor-like
Alifanus --
Cup, like a drinking vessel, small cup, grows in rich humus
Alnifolia --
Having teeth, serrated, related to Aloe
Aloifolia --
Sharp like a bayonet, leaf like Aloe, toothed leaf margins
Alternifolia --
Alternate, irregular leaf, not on same stem node
Altissima -- Tall, giant, lofty, high
Americana --
Endemic to North America, naturalized, of the Americas
Americanum --
Only in America, American flowers; secret well kept
Americanus --
Aboriginal, open midday, southern
Amarum --
Bitter, tart, foul smelling
Ambigua -- Different, in question, in doubt
Amoenaria --
Pleasant, tough inside
Amplexicaule --
Embrace, clasping the stem
Amplexicaulis --
Leaf stipules surround the stem, entwine
Anagrus -- Appears ill, narrow, limited
Angulatis --
Solitary, one of a kind, alone
Angulifera -- Pest, grasshopper, locust, devour
Angustifolia -- Small, narrow, sparse, constricted, shallow
Angustifolium --
Narrow leaves, in anguish, a narrow snout
Angustifolius --
Shallow, thin, long, twisted, curved
Annuus --
Annual, must re-seed each year
Antiquorum -- Old, ancient, refers to a name
Asopialis --
Noxious, cold, accidental
Astarte --
Ravaged, appears torn, devistated
Applanatum --
Splendid, magnificent
Approximata --
Nearly true, roughly the same
Aprica -- Like fabric, artistic make-up
Aquaticum --
Near the water, about the water
Aquilinum --
Like blue water, liquid, flowing, smooth
Arborea --
Town, grow into a tree, form an arbor
Arborum --
A collection of trees, community
Ariculata -- Ears, lobed like ears, leaf has ears
Arbutifolia --
Abundant, many leaves, much foliage
Arifolia --
Like an ear, on each side, shaped like an ear
Armoena --
Armed with bristles, enclose, pleasant place, quiet place
Aromethea --
Forbidden, everywhere, live off another
Arvense -- Greasy, plain, fat, like lard
Arvensis --
Cultivated, sometimes cultivated, orderly, like a camp
Aspera --
Make rough, like a file, raspy
Asperinus --
Stiff, tough hairs or points
Asper --
Rough, harsh, rugged
Asteriscus -- Not like the others, more like an aster, large, glossy
Atamasco --
Easter season, bloom at Easter
Atiosana -- Irrational, almost demonic, sober
Atrorubens --
Tinged with red
Australis --
In a southerly direction, south, under
Austrinum --
In the south, indigenous to the south
Autumnale -- In the autumn, late, behind the others
Azedarach --
Bark used in medecine, cathartic, emetic
Azurea --
Blue like the sky, toward the sky

Bartramii -- Proper name, in his honor, Bartram
Bella --
Beautiful, pugnacious
Benedictum --
Blessed, to bless, pure, snowy white
Biennis --
Every two years, in the course of two years
Bicolor --
Two colors
Biflora -- Usually two flowers
Bignonioides --
Belonging to the bignonia family, silver coloring
Bipinnatus --
Staunch, palm-like and divided again, like small wings
Biternatum --
Upper and lower, alternate, not always true, smooth
Bivalve --
Two ways, from a bulb, two seasons only
Blattaria -- Like a butterfly, resemble a moth
Bona-nox --
Bright berries, like night, blinding, dark
Borbonia --
Rough, crude, imitation, condiment
Boykinii --
Proper name, in his honor, Boykin
Brachyphyllum --
An arm-like part, support
Bracteata -- Having small arms, spreading branches, delicate
Brasiliensis --
Of Brazilian origin
Brevifolia --
Small leaves, somewhat short
Brevifolium --
Short leaf, short stalk, dwarf
Brittoniana --
To have existed in imperial times, named by Britton
Brunnea -- Out front, early, first out
Brunnescens --
Burnt, exist in severe conditions, bare, in poverty
Bungei --
Great profusion, bourgeois
Bursa-pastoris --
Purse, body pouch, small pouch
Byzantine --
Old, from another time

Caerulea -- Off-white in color, creamy, almost blue
Camara --
The eye, like an eye, bi-color
Campanulata --
Like bells, bell-flowers
Campestris --
Like a loin cloth, barely covered
Camporum --
Mimic, looks like but not true
Canadensis --
Hollow stem, water pipe, orderly, covers the area
Candida --
Dead, pale in color
Caninus --
Like a large tooth, dog-like odor
Canescens --
Hairy, fuzzy, downy
Capensis --
Deviate from the norm, useful, also to shimmer like a gem
Capillaceum -- Having long hair, long flower spikes
Capillifolium --
Like hair, drooping, dripping like rainwater
Capillus --
Have a beard, obvious fringe
Capitata --
Small knob-like protrusions
Capreolata --
Support, cross, armpit
Caradrinalis -- A cardinal point, main
Cardarninaefolia --
Heart-shaped leaves
Cardinalis --
High, brilliant, elevated, above the others
Carolina --
Of the Carolinas
Caroliniana --
Rotten, soft, fleshy, indistinct
Carolinianum -- First thought to be only in Carolina, a chest
Carolinianus --
Plentiful in the Carolinas, aboriginal
Caroliniense --
Saffron colored, long filaments
Caroliniensis --
Known for its nectar, produces stolons, follow its root
Carota --
Fleshy vegetable, pulp
Cassioides -- Hard, like metal, tough, not easily broken
Catesbaei --
Proper name, in his honor, Catesby
Cecrops --
Appears damaged
Cernua --
Foremost, head, crown
Cernuus --
Nodding, face toward the ground
Chalcedonia -- Calm, tranquility
Chamoemorus --
Smells like apples
Chapmanii --
Proper name, in his honor, Chapman
Choerilus --
Ferocious, pretty, crocodile-like in nature
Cibarius --
Cubicle, having chambers
Ciliaris -- Intimate, downy hair, fringed
Cingulata --
Solitary, alone, unmatched, extraordinary, deliberate
Cistifolium --
Round seed pod
Cistoides --
Chest, box, enclosed
Citrina --
Bitter, acid, tart
Citriodora -- Smells like citrus. Odor of citrus
Clavatus --
Oppressed, bruised, appears sick
Clavipes --
Weaver, silk spinner, silk thread opening
Clymene --
Easy, intimate, closed lines
Coccinea --
Scarlet, also like a snake
Coccineum -- From scarlet to carmine
Coccineus --
Always red
Coelestrinum --
Blue mist
Colorata --
Dark, cloudy, colored, discoloration
Columinaris --
Form a column at the top
Columnatus -- Crescent shaped
Compensata --
Rewarding, complete
Compestris --
Plain, in the sixth place, occur in June
Compositella - Composite, made up of different parts, irregular, disorderly
Compositum --
Not unto itself, like another but different
Compressa -- Confined, small, abbreviated
Communis -- Form a colony
Concolor --
Identical, same, no change, disc and ray flowers same color
Condefacta -- Like others, copy, appears to be
Condidum --
Shiny, white, bright
Confusa --
Confused, blemished, mixed
Coniferarum --
Visits conifers, cover a plot
Confragosa -- Cracked, peeling, chipping
Copallina --
Clouded, shrouded, compliant, disciplined, orderly
Cora --
Decorated, elegant
Coracias -- Agreeable, concise, in harmony
Corchorifolia --
Leaf veins coarse like cords
Cordata --
On a string, kite, float upward
Cordifolius --
Leaves flutter
Corollata -- Form a ring, flowers like a garland
Coronarius --
Crown, like a tiara
Coronatum --
See Coronarius
Cassinoides --
Bald, shining, white or gray, conforming
Cotula --
Half, not daisy, not aster
Cracca -- Related to leguminous plants, trailing
Crassipes --
Like a web, trap, snare, ordered class
Crepuscularia --
Dusky, like twilight
Crispa --
Trembling, curled, tresses, wavy, curly
Crispus --
See Crispa
Critica --
Tight, twitching, plucked, naked
Cruciata --
Tortured, grieved, nodding, low
Crustuliniforme --
Like bread, uniform, rarely changing
Crux-Galli --
Having legs or joints that protrude from the fruit
Crux-andreae --
Between the two, not exactly true
Cuneifolia -- Luscious, rich, plentiful, lucrative
Cuneifolius --
See cuneifolia
Cyanus --
Flower of Meander, harmoneous
Cyathieformis --
Formless, hideous, crooked, deformed

Deceptivus -- Beguile, ensnare, deceive
Decurrens --
By the stream, graceful, low
Densus --
Thick, dense
Dentata --
Toothed
Dentatum --
Having teeth that point outward
Denticulatum --
Very small teeth
Denous -- Vast, valuable, extensive
Designalis -- Grant, specific, well defined
Destinate -- Firm, aggressive
Diadematus -- Reckless, unaware, unadvised
Dichotomum --
Produce only two, branches into two
Diffinis -- Incomplete, cut short
Dilucida -- Neglected, dilapidated, unmatched, neglected, appears worn
Dioscoreifolia --
Disagreeable, disconsolate, weak
Diptera --
Cylindrical, small wings, parasite, club shaped structure
Disparilis -- Unlike others, dissimilar, not equal
Dissectum --
Cut away, cut through
Divaricata -- Spread out, spread-eagled
Dolichos --
Injured, uniform like a soldier, shy, enticing
Domestica --
Here, in this place, domestic
Doubledayi --
Proper name, In his honor, Doubleday
Drummondii --
Proper name, in his honor, Drummond
Duaria -- No specific food preference
Dyspteraria -- Searching, irremediable. moving, erratic

Echinata -- Turn aside, declining, turn away
Edulis --
Edible
Eleatis --
Elevated, heavenly
Elegans --
Elegant, proper, fine, handsome
Eliottii --
Proper name, in his honor, Elliott
Emetica -- Heretical, unorthodox
Expandens -- Wide, covers a large area
Erythrogaster --
Colored belly, bright, shiny
Eupatorioids --
Pugnacious, noble, merit, noteworthy
Exaltatum --
High, tall, above all others
Expandens --
Dense, expanded, stretched

Falcata -- Sickle shaped, curved
Farinosa --
Dusty, mealy, pulverize
Fasciatus --
Pointed downward, sloping
Fasciculata --
Nosegay, girdle, small bundle
Felleus --
Abusive, small, knife, wretched
Ferruginea -- Becomes rust colored, light brown
Festiva --
Mysterious, enigma
Filix-femina --
Soft like the skin of women, smooth, downy, light
Festivoides --
Festive, colorful
Fistulosa --
Like a pipe, shepherd's pipe, horn
Fistulosum -- Hollow but closed at each end
Flacida --
Soft, flabby, pliant, collapsing
Flaccida --
Soft, flabby, pliant
Flammea --
Fire, flame, like a blazing fire
Flava -- Yellow, the color yellow
Flavidalis -- Refresh like rain, resembles ice crystals
Flexuosum --
Flexible, bending, curving down
Floccopus --
Light, not visible, slight, of no value
Florida --
Flower, the state of Florida
Floridana --
Flowery, many blossoms, abundant flower
Floridaneum -- Indigenous to Florida waters, amber color
Floridus --
Abounding in flowers, aboriginal, moist areas, glorious
Foemina --
The female plant, dark, inner pith brown
Foetens --
Strong, neither good nor bad, like chicken manure
Foetida --
Foul odor, like rotting meat
Fomentarius -- Low, at the bottom
Fordii --
Proper name, in his honor, Ford
Fracturalis -- Crooked, appears broken
Frondaria --
In wonder, well proportioned, suitable
Frugiperda --
Backward, evasive, hard to distinguish
Frutescens --
Thicket, bushy, trailing
Fruticosa -- Thicket, bushy, full of bushes, many branches
Fulva --
Yellow tinge, brown, sandy, orange, copper
Funeralis --
Subtle, quiet, darkly cloaked

Geminiflora -- Of the stars, celestial body, sky
Georgiana --
Origin, principle, coming out of Georgia
Georgica --
Armored, arched, sometimes false
Gigantea --
Large, huge
Giganteus --
Very large seed pods or spikes
Gilippus -- Royal, regal, fragile
Glabellus --
Smooth, neat, clean
Glaberrimus -- Soft, smooth to touch, unscarred
Glabra --
Smooth
Glandulella -- Tapered, unrolled, little, slow
Gossypina --
Contains long-tailed seeds
Gracilens -- Thin, skinny, ambushed
Graminea --
Like grass
Graminifolia --
Slender leaves like grass
Grandiflora --
Large flower, extreme, large crown
Gronovii -- Proper name, in his honor, Gronov
Gyralis - Heavy, severe, aged

Habitalis -- Poorly adapted to area, colony forming
Hadioconfusa -- Weak, breaks easy
Halei --
Proper name, in his honor, Hale
Halicababum --
Vapor, inflated, breath, steam
Halimifolia --
On a plain by the sea, like a halo, glowing
Hederacea --
Like ivy, leaf like ivy, climbing
Helata -- Feeds on farm produce, destructive
Helianthoides --
Sun loving, in the sun, belonging to the sun
Helvola --
Small pot-herb
Herbacea --
Herb, always an herb
Heterophyllus --
Mixed with another species, more than one form
Hexadactyla --
Easy to handle, agreeable, social, amicably
Hexagona --
Having five sides, or polygon of six sides
Hirsuta -- Coarse, hairy, shaggy
Hirta --
Downy hair on leaf and stem
Hispida --
Complex, insensible, rough, shaggy, prickly
Horatius --
Dark colored, true, weeping
Hormos --
Beautiful, well-shaped, finely formed
Horrida -- Slim lines, harsh, free spirit
Horridulum --
Horrible, caution be taken, dangerous, long spines
Humerosana -- Looks like leather, large, strong shoulders
Humilis --
Low to the ground, humble, not deep, rooted in shallow soil
Humistrata --
Damp woods, low ground, on the ground, prostrate
Hypericoides --
On top, open crown, fast growing
Hyssopifolium --
Leaves like hyssop, narrow, rounded

Illyricus -- Beyond the Adriatic, foreign, old world plant
Implicata --
In two parts, multiplied
Incarnata --
In parts, distinct parts, several parts
Incarnatum --
See Incarnata
Incesta -- Ugly, incessant
Includens -- Clings, seize, having many facets
Indica --
Upward pointed raceme of flowers or leaves
Indicum --
Indian origin
Indivisa -- Alone, only to us, nowhere else
Inductata --
Wavy line, dark line, seperate by lines
Innoxia --
Innocent, unhurt, clean, harmless innocuous
Inscripta --
Unusual, parts missing
Integra --
Restore, fix the soil, return to the soil
Integrifolia --
Whole, entire, integrated
Integrifolium -- See Integrifolia
Intermicata --
Delicate, appears thorny
Interrogationis --
Inquiring, question
Intybus --
Endive, chicory, spice
Ionantha --
Like a precious stone that changes color, unexpected
Ipomarea -- Thrives on morning glory leaves
Iridaria --
Flies at day, noisy, eats like a savage
Iridifolia -- Subject to change color, flat, leaf like an iris
Ivifolium --
Thin, starved, slender, leaf shaped like ivy

Japonica -- Of Japanese origin
Japonicum --
See Japonica. Introduced from Japan
Jasminearum --
Pure, warm, tender
Jasminoides --
Of the Jasmine tribe
Jatrophae -- Airy, fluttering
Jatrophoe -- Violent nature, crude
Juglandis --
Foreign, strange, outlandish
Jucunda -- Pretty, delightful, playful
Jucundissima --
Nymph, butterfly, charming
Julibrissin --
In long threads, silky
Juncea --
Rush, clasp, unite

Laciniata -- Weep, seepage, gummy
Lactea --
White like milk, sticky
Lacticlavia -- Rich, graceful, swift
Lactiflosella -- Burning, charmed, to draw near
Lacunosa --
A hole or empty space; referring to the see capsule
Laevigata --
Left, left-handed, hostile, stigma
Laevis --
Left, petals open to the left
Laheu --
Proper name, in his honor, Laheu
Lamnifolia -- Like sharks skin, smooth, shiny
Lanceolata --
Lance-like, long slender leaf
Langloisii --
Proper name, in his honor, Langlois
Lasianthus --
Woolly stamens, woolly anthers, sometimes downy flowers
Lateritius -- Destructive, harmful, remote
Laticlava -- Residential, without purpose, appears lost
Latifascia --
Many ways, multiple colors
Latiferreana -- Mass, mixed with others
Latifolia -- Broad petal, flat, thick
Latifolius --
Broad leaves with broad bases
Latipennis -- Like a battle axe
Laxiflorus --
Relaxed, drooping
Lepideus --
Pleasant, elegant, charming
Leptocarpa --
Separate, apart from the others, detached
Leptocephala --
Amazing, erratic, unusual, odd, small
Leptopus -- Odd, like the skin of an elephant (referring to the leaf)
Leucanthernum --
Lacking good color, pale
Leucoleptis --
Sweet, bright, pure white
Leucophylla --
Covered with white, powdery, anemic
Linarifolius --
Long slender leaf, like a blade of grass
Lineare --
Producing seeds, descendants, carry the lineage
Linifolia -- Flax, looks like flax
Longifolia --
Several times longer than broad
Longipes -- Loner, single, stays by oneself
Louisianaca --
Origin in Louisiana
Lucida --
Smooth, shiny, leathery
Lucidum --
Appears transparent, shiny, smooth, polished
Luctuosa -- Sad, forlorn, pitiful
Lugabris --
Mournful
Lutea -- Yellow, tinged with yellow
Luteum --
Tinge of yellow, yellow
Lyrata --
Shaped like a lyre, odd shape

Macrocarpa -- Different in composition, uncommon, related by marriage
Maculata --
Stained, polluted, distorted
Maculatum --
Weakened, cloaked, uncultured, stained, marked
Magnifica -- Splendid, terrific
Magualis -- Accidental, like a tent
Major --
Primary, first, leader
Malachodendron --
Silky, smooth, of the cheek, soft
Malachitana -- Quick, rapid, sharp
Marcellus --
Marvelous, extraordinary
Mariana -- Near the sea, brackish wetlands
Marcida --
Related to, active
Marilandica --
Growing by the sea, salty environment
Marshallii --
Proper name, in his honor, Marshall
Media --
Medium sized, small, little, minimal
Melinus --
Parasite, preditor, feeds on parasites
Menatus -- Dominate, mastery, by the rule
Mendica --
Curious, colored like medicine
Mesenterica --
Savage, not domestic, untamed
Micaceus --
Upper shelf, like cheese, refined
Michauxii --
Proper name, in his honor, Michaux
Micrantha --
Small golden spur, microscopic parts
Microphylla -- Garland, creamy white colored, rings, small arms
Militaris --
Rough, invasive, straight, shining, order in appearance
Millifolium --
Leaves in the thousands
Minor --
Lesser, small, slight, at the bottom
Minta -- Keeper, support, disgusting appearance
Mira -- Wonderful, miracle, shine like a signal
Mirabilis --
Imitation, that which can be imitated, copy-cat
Mobilis --
Woeful, lamentable, inestimable
Monophylla -- Flat fruited, fruit like a foot
Moscheutos --
Musky odor, woody
Multiflora --
Many flowers, flower cluster
Muscaetoxicum --
Fly trap, fly poison
Muscaria --
Like carrion, musky
Myops --
Wretched, different, unclear
Myrtifolia --
Leaf like myrtle, seasoning, myrtle scented, camphor

Nana -- Dwarf, low
Nanaria -- Small, dark, lines like crevices
Nashii --
Proper name, in his honor, Nash
Naucina --
Firm, pungent, vicious
Nemoralis --
Gray hair, on the move, different, penetrating
Nepetaefolia --
Tent, elevated platform, vigorous, foliage like a tent
Nigrita -- Friendly, abundant, well-known
Nivea --
Snowy white, like snow
Novebaracensis --
Having origin in New England or New York
Nudata --
Without leaf, nude, exposed, leafless
Nudiflorum --
Flower appears before the leaf, lack of leaf
Nudum --
Flower cluster is bear, destitute, unarmed
Nuttallii --
Proper name, in his honor, Nuttall
Nuttalliana --
Changes with the season, cut short

Obfirmaria -- Rough, savage, barbarian
Oblique --
To the side, turn sideways, turn aside
Obliquam --
See Oblique, slanted
Obliteralis --
Distorted, erased, annul, obliterated
Obovatum --
Obvious, appears to be, seems to be
Obtusifolia --
Egg-shaped, blunt at the tip
Obtusifolium --
Rounded at the leaf tip
Occidentalis --
Toward the east, oriental, from the east
Oculatus --
Big eye, like an eye, keen eyesight
Odora -- Sweet-scented, like anise, moderate
Odorata --
Fragrant, sweet smelling, keen scented
Odoratissimus --
Odorous, flavorful
Officinalis --
In the past, used in medicine, foamy
Ohienis --
Smooth, but having downy hair at leaf margin
Oileus -- Soft like lamb's skin, almost white, smoky
Oleander --
Of the species, evergreen, beautiful flowers
Olearius -- Oily, like butter
Oleracea --
Vegetable, old like olives, eat as vegetable
Oleraceus --
Vegetable oil, oily, slick
Onagrus --
Harsh, destinguished easily
Onusta - Constantly in motion, certain, durable, laden, beautiful, flighty
Opaca --
Obscure, bushy, thick, cast a shadow, an arbor
Opella --
Seductive, waved, appealing
Opercularis --
Percular, almost square
Ophioglossoides --
Snakes, roots like snakes, in the swamp
Ophionalis -- Extraordinary, unexpected, irrational
Ovata --
Not exactly round, oval, egg-shaped
Orba --
Lack of color, stripped

Pallida -- Pale, starved, weak
Pallidostrinella -- Pale, distressed, weakened, in ruins
Paludosus --
Marshy, boggy, swampy, thick
Palustris --
Gleaming, shining, bright, brilliant
Pandurata --
Man-of-the-earth, violin shaped leaves, sprawling
Paniculata --
Swelling, clustered, regularly branched
Paniculatum --
Swelling, compound, much branched
Pannaria --
Splendid, outstanding, like a garden
Paradoxus --
Inconsistent qualities, swampy, boggy
Patens --
Like a flat plate, shiny
Pavia --
Paved, nut-like, hard shell, tough skin
Parviflora -- Shield, cover, leaf attached to stem by under-surface
Pectinata --
All stems are similar in nature
Pedata --
Foot, like a foot, grounded, digit
Pedunculata --
Like a comb, soft spines in a straight line
Peltatum --
Small flower, little, pretty
Pendulinaria -- Pecular lines, hangs upside down
Pennsylvanicum --
Ponder, from the Atlantic, found in Pennsland
Perennis -- Everlasting, uninterrupted, spreading
Perfoliata -- Pierce the leaf, appears to pierce
Perfoliatum --
Isinglass, thin, transparent dots
Persica -- From Persia, regal, rapid, fast
Perspicua --
Clear, transparent, evident
Peruviana --
Origin in Peru
Pes-capra --
Like a foot, goat's foot
Petiolata --
Fringed
Philadelphicus --
Grows only in temperate regions, brotherly kin
Philoxeroides --
Reptile food, food for snakes
Piatrix --
Looks like another, mock-up version, also "to be wicked"
Pictus --
Infirm, broken, biting, contested
Pilosa --
Covered with downy hair
Pilosum -- Hairy (see also 'pilosa')
Pinnata --
Leaves arranged along an axis resembling a feather
Placomyces --
Infrequent, seldom, rare, early in the year
Platyneuron -- Black, flat, shiny, microscopic, spores like a plate
Platyrhinos --
Hard, hard nose, like a horn
Plumbea -- Heavy, like lead, oppressive
Ponderosa --
Balanced, equal in all ways, high weight
Popula -- Well-known, popular, favored
Populifolia --
Numerous assembly, thin, splendid
Posoraliodes --
Unending, migratory plant
Pottsii --
Proper name, in his honor, Potts
Praeclara --
Beautiful, striking
Pratense -- Dense, rounded, oval leaf
Praecox --
Ripens too soon, fruit spoils easily, precocious
Primulifolia --
Yellow dye, like sulfur, color of egg yolk
Procumbens -- Distant, leaning, profusion, inclined
Promethea -- Favored, prominent though of lower rank
Prudens --
Presumed to be of good quality
Pseudoacacia --
Leaves like acacia, but false
Pseudacorus --
Bold, graceful, beautiful, decorated
Psittacina --
Like a parrot's beak
Puberula --
Downy, blue, tall standing, well established in one place
Pudens -- Presumed, somewhat insolent
Pulcharrima --
Beautiful, snowy, shiny, showy
Pulchella -- Small, beautiful, fair, handsome
Pulchellus --
See Pulchella
Pullidus --
Pale, dowdy
Punctata --
Prick, adorned with dark spots
Punctella --
Pretty, adorned, decorated
Punicea --
Scarlet flowers, crimson, not red and not orange
Pumila -- Cat's eyes, green like cat's eye; dwarf, small
Purpurea --
Purple
Purpureum -- See Purpurea
Pusilla --
Small, dwarf
Pusillum --
Very insignificant
Pusillus --
Beautiful but small
Pycnocarpon --
Pugilist, kill oneself
Pyraustinae - Slow, not usual, of a sub-family

Quadristigmatis -- Sloping downward, restrained, noble
Quamoclit --
More wide than long, like a saddle
Quercifolia --
Resembles oak leaves

Racemiflora -- Flowers bunched like grapes
Racemosa --
Appears like a raceme, freely branching like grapes
Racemosum --
Clustered tightly
Radicata --
Golden like the sun's rays; soft, downy, and tiny
Radicans --
Having spokes, whorled, guarded, cautious, radical
Radula --
Radial, no beams, rayless
Rafinesquii -- Proper name, in his honor, Rafinesque
Ramosa -- Last, extreme, well-shaped, finely formed
Rapae --
Draped, visits grape vines, tangled
Rasaceana --
Broad, crescent shape, ascend, upward
Rectifascia --
Different, artful, firm
Reniformis --
Shaped like a kidney
Repanda -- Fast, quick
Repens --
New, fresh, recent
Resinosus --
Drooping, resinous drops
Resistaria -- Lives near swamps
Resupinatum --
Hang upside down, invert, twisting
Reversalis -- Reverse in appearance, malevolent
Rhoeas --
Make a pile, heap, augment, enlarged
Rhombifolia --
Odd shapes, leaves of different form, in every way
Rigida -- Stiff, unbending, curt
Ringens --
Of immoderate size, large cheeks
Robinsonana -- Connected to others, to the point
Rogatalis --
Appears dead, Eared, bind in chains
Rosea -- Rose colored
Roseus --
Rose colored, rosy, made of roses
Rostrana -- Distressed, appears dead, prostrate
Rostratum --
Beaked, having barbs
Rotundata -- Fat, edges and folds appear like pillows
Rotundifolium --
Almost round, appears to be round
Rubedinella -- Warm, inflamed, compliant
Rubra --
Red, tinged with red
Rubescens --
Young, blushing, rosy, like a young man
Rubifascia --
Long, connubial
Rufidulum --
Rusty, covered with rust
Rufus --
Red, ruddy in color
Rugifrons -- Rough head, rust colored, dusky
Rugosum --
Rough, broken, beneficial
Rugosa -- Rough, harsh, raspy like a file
Russula --
Small, like flesh, powerful

Sagittata -- Triangular leaf, point downward, elongated
Sartana -- Colorful, bundled, burdened
Sasybius --
Strong, gleaming
Saturata -- Saturated, stained
Scabra --
Rough surface, like scabs
Scandens --
Climb, cling, twine with a host plant
Scariosa --
Decayed, appears dead. See also squarrulosa
Sebiferum --
Tallow, wax, used for wax, make wax
Scribonia -- Clean, pure, indescribable
Semiustana -- Support others, supple, pliant
Seruoides -- Angled like a wide smile
Securifera --
Sure, safe, secured in place
Segregata --
Segregated, to itself, removed, alone
Sempervirens -- Evergreen, remains green in winter
Sepearium --
Dark, spread, cloaked
Sepium --
Produces milk, cuttlefish fluid, resemble sepia
Septentrionalis --
Apart from the others, pithy, aphoristic, trite, different
Sepulerolis --
Acts foolish, zig-zag in flight
Sequistrialis -- Moving, destructive, lasting
Sericocarpoides --
Serrated margin, like a fish scale, silky
Serotinum --
Flowers occur in last half of season, seasonal
Serrulata -- Loud, cluttered, unruly, spreading
Serrulatum --
Serrated, small saw, dented, sticky and sweet
Sessifolia -- No leaf stalk, against the stem
Sicurifera --
Fragrant, having a crown
Simpsonii -- Proper name, in his honor, Simpson
Simus -- Dominant, flat nose, snub nose
Sinennsis --
Origin in China
Siphilitica --
Diseased, treat disease, syphilis
Siren -- Desire, alive, powerful, beconning
Sisymbriifolium --
Mustard, bergamot, watercress, downy, biennial herb
Speciosa --
Different, splendid, beautiful, handsome, showy, brilliant
Spectabilis --
Showy, make a show, rattle, noisy
Spicata -- Bearing a spike, resemble a spike
Spinosa -- Thorny, obscure, crabbed
Spinosus --
Covered with spines, dense bristles
Squarrosa -- Resembles a squid, a pink squid
Squarrulosa --
Deprived, arid, in need
Stellaris -- Outlined like a star, halo, shiny
Stolonifera --
Grow from roots, produce from a node, produce runners
Stramonium --
Like straw, leaves and flowers used in medicine as an antispasmotic
Stimulea --
To stimulate, moving, excited
Stimulosus --
Strings, itchy, prickly
Stricta -- Rigid, hard, like iron
Strigosus -- Marked with fine hairs, grooves
Strumarium --
Used for food, robust, prickly
Subaxillaris --
Open air aroma, emit low aromas, camphor
Subterranea --
Like strata, lives underground, flowing
Suerodes -- Weak, eroded, hostile
Sueroides -- Mysterious, smiling
Suffruticosum --
Low, underneath, very rare
Suffulta --
Dusky, brownish, filaments
Sulcata --
Evasive, large assembly
Superbum --
Recurved, over and above, like a hat
Sylvatica --
On the east coast of Sicily, discovered near Cortina

Tabernaemontana -- An arbor on the hill or in the valley, bushy
Tamnifolia --
Tortuous, tie, binding, form colonies, cover entirely
Tenax --
Tough, like a strap
Tenuifolia --
Slender, reduced, slight, weak, faint
Tenuifolium --
Droop, cover like a tent
Tenuisecta --
Slender, faint, slight
Teres --
Smooth and rounded, in the earth
Terniflora --
Quick to decay, intermediate, bare
Tessellaris --
Suitable colors, fast flyer
Texana --
Contrary, bad, like woven cloth
Texanus -- Obstinate, binding, tough like a woman
Textula - Blue, like cloth. embroidered
Thapus --
Torch, community, green branch
Tharos --
Weak, harsh in appearance, severe, extreme
Themistocles --
Like a thistle, keeps to itself
Thysbe -- Smooth, calm
Tinctoria --
Tinged with another color, dying
Tomentosa --
Covered with dense hair, hairy
Tortifolium --
Miscarry, crooked, distorted, divided
Tracyi --
Proper name, in his honor, Tracy
Triangulata --
Shallow and triangular in cross section. See also deltoid
Trifoliata --
Cluster of three, three parts
Triphyllum -- Go three ways, into three parts
Trisignata --
In groups, gives many signals
Trivialis --
Slight, light, inconspicuous, of no consequence, insignificant
Tripetala --
Three distinct sepals, looks like petals but false
Tsugae --
Proper name; in his honor, Tsuga
Tubaeflorus --
Tube-like flowers, long tubes
Tuberosa -- Swelling, apple tree, to bear fruit
Tuberosus --
Fibrous root, thick, numerous, rough, edible, carbohydrate
Tulipfera --
Odd leaf, leaf like a tulip
Turbinellus --
Spinning, recurved like the cap of a Turk
Tyralis -- Penetrating, long lasting
Tyrius -- War-like, diligent, pugnacious

Ultronia -- Ugly, vengeful, one of a kind
Umbelliferum --
Umbrella, produce umbels
Umbrata --
Feels like parchment, lighter shade, thin and soft skin
Underwoodii --
Proper name, in his honor, Underwood
Undulosa --
Thorny, intricate, wavy
Unicolor --
Dark, drab, unadorned
Uniflora --
Produce one flower only
Unid --
In great profusion
Unio --
Colors run together
Usitatissimum --
Main, chiefly, peculiar, strange
Uvedalia --
Sparkling, stands out

Vaginata -- Variable age, old, to come of age
Variegata -- Strips of color, a different color, tinged with another color
Velleda --
Revealing, denote clearly
Verides --
In the spring, part of spring, truly spring
Verna -- Early, fresh, green
Verruca -- Excessive motion, clean sweep, swift
Versicolor -- Different colors, blended, appear as one, pale, clear
Verutana -- Hard, hollow, simple
Vesicaria -- Bladder, having bladders, covered with small bladders
Veslalis -- Young in appearance, fresh
Vibrans -- Alien, wavy, moves quickly
Villosa --
Shaggy, having long hair, unkempt
Villosana --
Weak and wavy hair
Vindemialis -- Widespread
Violacea --
Violet, color of violet, lavender scented
Virgata -- Twigs, made of twigs
Virginia --
Of Virginia
Virginiana --
Clean, unspoiled
Virginianum --
Best kept, unblemished
Virginica --
Pure, true, original
Virginicum --
Useful, pure chemicals
Virginicus --
Known first in Virginiana
Volemus --
High, helpful, airborne
Vomitoria --
Empty the stomach, make ill, become ill
Vulgare --
Common, usual, unruly, difficult to handle
Vulgaris --
Common, shared by all
Vulpina -- Vagrant, wondering, intinerant
Vulpes --
Fox, Like a wild fox, invasive

Yuccifolium -- Century, long leaf, sharp, old, ancient

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