(Fringe Leaf Wild Petunia - Hairy Wild Petunia)
Ruellia ciliosa Pursh
Acanthaceae (Acanthus) Family
Plant is an upright or decumbent, few branched, perennial that grows to heights of no more than eight to ten inches. Stems are hairy and weak (almost woody) with conspicuous swollen nodes. Trailers take root at the nodes as the flower develops. Its preferred habitat is sandy places, rocky slopes and the margin in pine woods. Distribution is throughout the Escambia region.
The leaves are lance-like; downy; dull green; opposite on the stem and usually in basal whorls or at the end of a short upright stem; blunt tip; widest at the middle as well as having unequal sides along the midvein.
The flowers are bisexual; funnel shaped and about two inches long. The corolla has five lobes that are fused. Color is pale violet to purple (rarely white). Each flower is borne solitary on the stem, or in a few flowered cyme that emerge from the leaf axil where nodes have taken root. Flowers occur in the summer.
Fruit is a capsule.
The Latin description, humilis, describes the plant as being low, bent and weak.