Liliaceae (Lily) Family
Montbretias is also known as Red Crocus.
Plant is a sprawling or upright annual from a bulb. Its preferred habitat is yards, gardens, or moist wetlands. Distribution is throughout the coastal region.
The leaves are opposite; linear; several times longer than broad clasping an oval- shaped stem. The smooth, mid-vein is prominent with two parallel veins that originate from a central point. There are no margin teeth and no lobes.
The flowers are red-orange to yellow arranged on a zig-zag stem in a panicle that arise from the leaf axil; funnel-shaped, five lobes that flare to a trumpet.
There will be five stamens that protrude beyond the corolla. The corolla is on a short stalk. The flowers are bisexual in nature (pollinates itself) and symmetrical in form. Flowers occur in the summer.
Fruit is an ovary with two or more seed chambers.
Montbretias are generally considered domestic garden plants; however, they are known to persist long after a homestead has abandoned the site. Discarded bulbs are also known to thrive in a wilderness environment. The plants, having come from southern Africa were introduced to North America by the French in the early 18th century. The state of Florida considers the plant a wild pest, whereas the state of Alabama considers them domestic.