Panhandle Lily
Lilium iridollae - Henry
Lillaceae (Lily) Family

Mike Jordan, 11-13-08

Plant is a perennial herb from several globose bulbs connected by rhizomes. Its preferred habitat is open bogs, wet savannas, edges of sloughs, and along stream margins, typically in mucky textured soils.

The leaves are numerous, usually evenly distributed along the stem in whorles, drooping at the tips, oblong to lance-like, about 5 inches long and 1.5 inches wide, variable in color but somewhat paler than the primary stem. The leaf margins are entire, but often roughened, rarely tapering to a long point. The principal veins are smooth and sometimes with deltoid spikes.

The flowers are bisexual in nature and symmetrical in form. The perianth is funnel-like with sepals and the 6 golden yellow petals are strongly reflexed. The anthers are attached at the base. The ovules are superior. Each flower is terminal, usually open with 12 bracts per flower. One bract will be lance-like and very wide, the others linear or filiform. Flowers are nodding (occasionally erect), and may be slightly fragrant. Each petal will have prominent brownish-red spots concentrated along the mid-vein. The nectarines are present, and there will be 6 distinct stamens. The filaments and anthers are variable in color but usually purplish. Flowers occur in the summer and early autumn.

Fruit is a capsule.

Note: True lilies are distributed in mountainous regions, and reach their southern limit in the tropical mountains of the Philippines and India. Eastern Asia and North America are the centers of highest worldwide diversity, with about 60 species. Close relatives are found in eastern Asia.

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