Plant Family Identification - F
This page applies only to those plant families identified within the Wildflowers of Escambia site. When the page has loaded, scroll down to find the general plant family description.


Fabaceae (Pea or Bean) -- The family includes trees, shrubs or vines with compound leaves and flowers solitary or in clusters.

Butterfly Pea
Centrosema virginianum

The flowers are of three distinct kinds. The most common is the pea-like flower that has a broad upper lip (banner or standard), two lateral petals (wings) and two bottom petals (keel). The two other kinds are those of Acacia, which are radially symmetrical and with conspicuous stamens, and those of Senna that are bilaterally symmetrical, but without a distinct banner and keel.

In all cases, the leaves are pinately or palmately compound, or sometimes simple due to an evolutionary loss of leaflets.

The fruit is a legume pod, one-chambered, that opens along one or two seams.

This very large family of plants consists of a single family, but three sub-families; Caesalpinia, Mimosa and Papillionoid, and more than 16,000 species. The family includes products such as peas, beans, soybean, peanuts and lentils, alfalfa and clover. Many are cultivated as handsome ornamental garden plants.

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Fumariaceae (fumitory) -- Members of this family are both annual and perennial. Originally it was a part of the Poppy group.

Golden Corydalis
Corydalis flavula

The flowers are irregular, two sepals, four petals in two series, with the outer series sac-shaped or spurred. The parts are attached to the base of the ovary (ovary superior).

The leaves are alternate on the stem or a basal position; dissected or lobed.

Fruit is a capsule.

There are 19 recorded genera and more than 450 species distributed primarily in temperate regions of the Old World. Four genera are recorded in North America.

There are three known family members in the Escambia region; Corydalis flavula, and Diccentra cucullaria and D. formosa; the latter two are popular garden ornamentals.

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