Red Basil - Scarlet Calamint - Scarlet Wild Basil
Red Mint Shrub
Clinopodium coccineum - (Nuttall ex Hooker) Kuntze
Lamiaceae (Mint) Family


Photo courtesy Mike Carter, Pensacola, Florida

Plant is an upright, woody, smooth to slightly hairy perennial. Its preferred habitat is poor soils, flat pine woods and at roadsides. Distribution is coastal in the Escambia region.

The leaves are opposite on the stem; consisting of one whole part; small; egg-shaped; stalked; tapering to the tip with sides less than equal; margins toothed and base is heart-shaped and attached to the stalk between lobes.

Flowers are a panicle or a raceme. The calyx is long-lipped, the corolla is red, and two stamens extend beyond the corolla. Flowers occur in the summer.

Fruit is an ovary with two or more seed chambers.

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