Quercus falcata Michx.
Fagaceae (Beech) Family
The Red Oak is a medium to large-sized tree, commonly attaining a height of from 60 to 80 feet with a trunk diameter of from 1 to 3 feet, but it may attain a height of about 100 feet. It usually has a short trunk with massive branches forming an open, deep, and broadly-rounded crown. Its preferred habitat is dry hills and of poor, sandy or gravelly soils.
The leaves are variable, but of two distinct types, they are obovate with broad, shallowly 3-lobed tips below which they are contracted and entire; and leaves which are oval or ovate with usually 5 or 7 slender, tapering, and often curved lobes with deeply rounded sinuses. The lobes are bristle-tipped and the base is rounded or wedge-shaped.
The wood of Red Oak is heavy, hard, strong, and coarse-grained. It warps and checks badly in drying and is generally inferior to that of the Northern Red Oak. The principal uses are for cheap construction lumber and fuel. Tannic acid is obtained from the bark.