Midwestern Roughleaf Dogwood
Cornaceae (Dogwood) Family
Plant is a thicket-forming shrub or sometimes small tree with short trunk and open spreading crown. Height is usually no more than 20 feet with a trunk diameter of 6 inches. Its preferred habitat is along streams and in dry uplands, forming thickets at forest borders in prairie grasslands and in understory of hardwood forests. distribution is occasional in the Escambia region.
The leaves are opposite on the stem, 1-1/2 to 3-1/2 inches in length and 2 inches wide. Leaf form is elliptical, no teeth; 3 to 5 long-curved veins on each side of the midvein. The texture is densely covered with white hairs when young. The color is green and rough with tiny stiff hairs above, pale and covered with tiny stiff hairs beneath.
The flowers are small, with 4 spreading white petals; in upright, branched, somewhat flat clusters 2 to 3 inches wide. The clusters are at the tip of leafy twigs. Flowers occur in late spring.
Fruit is berry-like and white, in loose clusters on red stalks.
This dogwood is easily recognized by the rough, upper leaf surface and white fruit. It spreads from root sprouts and provides cover for wildlife and various small birds.