Amelanchier arborea - (Michaux) FernaldFernald
Rosaceae (Rose) Family
Plant is a small tree that reaches heights of 25-30 feet with a trunk diameter of about eight inches. Preferred habitat is pinelands, thickets, and the margin of swamps. Distribution is occasional throughout the Escambia region.
Leaves alternate on the stem; consisting of one whole part; slightly hairy when young; stalked; ovate to oblong in shape; tapering to the tip with sides less than equal; margins are toothed and leaf base is usually rounded.
Flowers are in a terminal raceme. Flower color is white; five petals typical of the Rose family. Flowers occur in the spring.
Fruit is a berry (pome).
There is considered three kinds of Shadbush in the coastal region; A. aborea which can tolerate dry areas; A. laevis, located in stable dunes and thin woods and A, canadensis, which is more a shrub than tree which is found in marsh habitats.
The unusual names allude to the fact that the showy masses of white flowers occur at the same time shad start running upstream to spawn. An older name, Sarvis, was applied in pioneer times when the tree/shrub was used as an ornamental.