Shumard Oak - Shumard Red Oak - Swamp Red Oak -
Schneck Oak
Quercus shumardii Buckl
Fagaceae (Beech) Family

Shumard is a large tree, becoming 100 feet or more in height with a trunk diameter of 4 to 5 feet, with a broad, open crown composed of stout, spreading branches. This oak is essentially a bottomland species, usually being found in stream bottoms, or about the borders of swamps. In habitat and general appearance it resembles the Pin Oak, but has much larger leaves and acorns, and less drooping branches. In the trade its wood is sold as Red Oak and used for the same general purpose.

The leaves are from 5 to 7 inches long and 3 to 5 inches wide, oval to obovate in outline, with slender leaf stalks about 2 inches long. The blades are dark green and lustrous on the upper surface; paler green and smooth beneath except for axillary tufts of down along the midrib. There are from 7 to 9 bristle-pointed and coarsely bristle-toothed lobes which are separated by sinuses extending more than halfway to the midrib.

The acors are 3/4 to 1-1/4 inches long, oblong-ovoid; and are seated in shallow to somewhat bowl-shaped, often somewhat downy-scaled cups. both cups and the nuts are grayish or grayish-brown and dull.

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