(China Fleece Vine - Bukhara Fleece Flower)
Buckwheat (Polygonaceae) Family
Plant is a fast growing deciduous vine to 15 feet tall in a single season. Its preferred habitat is full sun or partial shade, dry or moist places, wetlands, old fields, and roadsides. Distribution in the Escambia region is generally in the wetlands, but is sparingly used as a domestic trellis vine.
The leaves are bright green (new leaves have a reddish bronze hue), smooth margins, and variously shaped in outline; narrow lance-like, oval, broad triangular, heart-shaped, or arrowhead. The size of each leaf is 1 to 30 cm long. The stems may be reddish, reddish-speckled, or lime green.
The flowers are small, fragrant, and usually creamy-green to white, but may be pale pink. The flowers are borne abundantly on slender panicles. Each flower is bisexual in nature and symmetrical in form. Flowers occur in the summer.
The fruit is insignificant, as the plant usually spreads by rhizomes.
Note: The vine is highly susceptible to Japanese beetle attack. However, its value as a quick cover, particularly where other vines wont grow is key to its use. Polygonum is a genus in the buckwheat family. The common names of some plants in this family include knotweed, knotgrass, bistort, tear-thumb, and mile-a-minute.