(Hyssop Skullcap - Helmet Flower - Helmet Skullcap - Rough Skullcap - Blue Skullcap)
Scutellaria integrifolia
Lamiaceae (Mint) Family

Plant is an upright perennial. Preferred habitat is roadsides and thin woods, margin of bogs and occasionally at stream banks. Distribution is throughout the Escambia

Leaves are opposite (occasionally alternate) on the stem; short leaf stalks; triangular in shape to egg-shaped. Leaf margins are toothed, blunt tip or nearly rounded. Leaf margins are less than equal; tip blunt to nearly rounded and sides are less than equal; base is wedge-shaped or occasionally squared.

Flowers are in a raceme along the stem (a single flower on the stalk and arranged one above the other). Calyx is two-lipped; corolla is blue to purple; four stamens that extend beyond the corolla. Flowers occur in late spring and early summer.

Fruit is an ovary with two or more seed chambers.

While the Latin describes the plant as “rough,” it also implies that it is “new and refreshing.” Skullcap is also shown to be a powerful medicinal herb used in alternative medicine as an anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, slightly astringent, sedative and strongly tonic. Some valuable constituents found in the plant are scutellarin, catalpol, other volatile oils, bitter iridoids and tannins.

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