Southeastern Sneezeweed
Helenium pinnatifidum (Nuttall) Rydberg
Asteraceae (Sunflower) Family

Southeastern Sneezeweed is a North American perennial plant found only in the southeastern United States (Alabama, Georgia, Florida, and the Carolinas).

The plant is normally no more than 2 to 3 feet tall, with small wings running down the sides of the stems.

Generally the plant produces only 1 to 3 hemispherical flower heads that have 800 or more minuscule disc flowers, each yellow toward the bottom but yellow-brown toward the tip. There are also 13 to 34 yellow ray flowers, each with three prominent lobes at the tip. One plant generally produces only 1 to 3 hemispherical flower heads during a season.

Its preferred habitat is the edges of marshes and forested wetlands and in open moist pinelands and savannas. Flowers occur in late spring when its flower stalk emerges from a small cluster of basal leaves. Three-lobed ray petals and the broad central disc create the flower that may be several inches across.

 

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