Spiny Nightshade
(Sticky Nightshade - Fire & Ice - Blue Witch - Litchi Tomato - Morelle de Balbis)
Solanum sisymbriifolium
Solananceae (Nightshade) Family

Plant is an upright, much branched, coarse, hairy perennial that reaches a height of 36 inches or more. Preferred habitat is roadsides, waste areas, fence rows and levee embankments. Distribution is throughout the Escambia region.

Leaves are alternate on the stem; consisting of one part with leaf stalks; egg-
shaped to lance-like; margins are toothed and base is wedge-shaped or heart- shaped and attached to the stem between lobes. Stem and leaf possess long orange to yellow spines that are attached to the midvein of both young and old leaves.

Flowers are large, 2-1/2 to 3 inches across; white to violet (often more blue than violet); the calyx is 5-lobed; the corolla is rotate like a wheel, and also 5-lobed. There will be 5 bright yellow stamens, extend beyond the corolla. Flowers occur in the spring and summer.

Fruit is a berry that turns orange or red in autumn. All parts of the plant are poisonous.

Fruit is a berry that contains hard granules.

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