(Milk Purslane - Spotted
Sandmat - Eyebane - Nodding Spurge)
Euphorbia maculata, Syn: nutans
Euphorbiaceae (Spurge) Family
The stems are prostrate, branching from a central
point, densely hairy, and pink to red in color. The stems do
not root at the nodes.
Spotted Spurge is a prostrate summer annual that emerges
from a small taproot and forms dense spreading mats. All parts
of the plant emit a milky sap when broken. The plant is found
throughout the Escambia region. Its preferred habitat is landscapes,
nurseries, turfgrass, lawns, and crop fields.
The leaves are egg-shaped in outline, 4 to 15 mm long,
and usually without hairs but sometimes long hairs may occur;
arranged opposite along the stem and will often have a maroon
spot on the upper leaf surface. The petioles are short and leaf
margins may be finely toothed near the leaf apex.
The flowers arise from the leaf axils (positions between
the leaves and stems). Each flower is bisexual in nature and
symmetrical in form, inconspicuous. Flowers occur in late summer
or early autumn.
Fruit is a hairy capsule.
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