Spotted Spurge
(Milk Purslane - Spotted Sandmat - Eyebane - Nodding Spurge)
Euphorbia maculata, Syn: nutans
Euphorbiaceae (Spurge) Family

Spotted Spurge is a prostrate summer annual that emerges from a small taproot and forms dense spreading mats. All parts of the plant emit a milky sap when broken. The plant is found throughout the Escambia region. Its preferred habitat is landscapes, nurseries, turfgrass, lawns, and crop fields.

The leaves are egg-shaped in outline, 4 to 15 mm long, and usually without hairs but sometimes long hairs may occur; arranged opposite along the stem and will often have a maroon spot on the upper leaf surface. The petioles are short and leaf margins may be finely toothed near the leaf apex.

The stems are prostrate, branching from a central point, densely hairy, and pink to red in color. The stems do not root at the nodes.

The flowers arise from the leaf axils (positions between the leaves and stems). Each flower is bisexual in nature and symmetrical in form, inconspicuous. Flowers occur in late summer or early autumn.

Fruit is a hairy capsule.

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