Spring Snowflake - Summer Snowflake
Leucojum aestivum - Linnaeus
Liliaceae (Lily) Family

Spring Snowflakes are also known as Lily-of-the-Valley, St. Joseph's Bells and Golden Girls.

The plant is a bulbous perennial with thread- or strap-like leaves and nodding, dainty white flowers. The tiny bulbs escaped from the domestic garden to roadsides, waste areas, and old fields. A native of southern Europe and western Russia, they were introduced to and naturalized in the southern United States and the east coast of North America. Distribution is throughout the Escambia region.

The flowers are small and bell-shaped, pristine white with a green (or occasionally yellow) spot at the tip of each petal. The flowers are solitary along a thin, graceful stem, bisexual in nature and symmetrical in form. They have a slight vanilla fragrance. Each plant consists of 2 to 5 flowers, each about 1/2 inch across, nodding from the tip of a hollow scape (flower stalk) that stands just above the leaves. There will be six perianth segments or tepals (three sepals and three petals), all of which look about the same. Each tepal has a small emerald green spot near its tip. Flowers occur in early spring

The 4 to 6 leaves are narrow, strap-like, and dark green in color. Each leaf may be 6 to 8 inches long and about 1/2 inch wide, growing up and outward from the bulb and bending down in a graceful sweep.

Fruit is a small nut-like berry.

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