Spring Star Flower - Springstar
Tristagma uniflorum - (Lindley) Traub
Onion (Alliaceae) Family


Spring Star was formerly identified as Brodiaea uniflora, Triteleia uniflora, Milla uniflora, & has been assigned a few other genera over time. It is an upright, smooth perennial from a small bulb. The new bulbs are produced below the old bulb; sometimes as many as six in a neat row.

It was recently moved yet again, and is currently called Tristagma uniflorum. But not everyone agrees with this latest change and it remains more popularly known as Ipheion, which serves more often as a common name than does Spring Starflower, so it continues to be listed as Ipheion or Ipheon uniflorum in garden and wildflower catalogs. Given its history of taxonomical disagreement, it could well be categorized again as Ipheion in some future time.

The plant produces thick patches of grass in autumn & winter, then produces one flower on a tall scape; six-petals one-inch wide funneled star-flowers appear predominantly in February and March, with occasional later flowers among the grass until its time for the summer die-back. The flowers are salverfrom to rotate in outline with 6 lobes; white, blue, or lavender in color with the midrib darker. The stamens are of 2 lengths, with the longer ones reaching the top of the tube. The stigma is 3 lobed.

Its preferred habitat is open meadows, lawns and roadsides. Distribution is throughout the Escambia region.

Fruit is a capsule.


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