Tetragonotheca helianthoides - Linnaeus
Asteraceae (Composite Sunflower) Family
Plant is an upright, clump-forming perennial. Preferred habitat is prairies, the margin of pine woods, roadsides and sandy slopes. Distribution is throughout the Escambia region.
Leaves are opposite; toothed to lobed; no leaf stalks and may be fused at the base.
Flowers are a single head at the end of the stem; outer four bracts are leafy; inner bracts are small; each subtending a ray-flower; disc is cone shaped and chaffy. Tube flowers are five-toothed; rays numbering six to fifteen and yellow. Veins are often red; no pappus. The four bracts that enclose the square bud gives the plant its name. Flowering occurs in the spring and extends into early summer.