Rosa carolina Linnaeus
Rosaceae (Rose) Family
Swamp Rose is a upright or reclining perennial with prickles (sometimes resembling a bushy shrub). If given a host on which to climb, the plant may reach a height of seven feet or more. The stems have scattered and stout curved thorns. Its preferred habitat is clearings, thickets, and moist slopes. Distribution is throughout the Escambia region.
The leaves are divided into five to nine dark green, smooth and shining, oval-shaped and toothed leaflets. The leaf stalks are winged, narrow and flaring.
The flowers are pale to dark pink; three inches wide; five sepals and five petals; numerous stamens. Flowers occur throughout spring and summer.
Fruit is a fleshy hip that turns red in autumn.
The rose hip is rich in vitamin C and may be eaten raw, made into jams and jellies, or steeped to make rose hip tea.