Three-flower Hawthorn
Crataegus triflora (Chapm)
Rosaceae (Rose) Family

Three flower Hawthorn is a large shrub or small tree with large white flowers, usually 3 in a cluster. Overall height may be 20 feet, with a trunk diameter of 4 inches. Its preferred habitat is Rocky banks of streams. Distribution is throughout the Escambia region.

The leaves are about 2-1/4 inch long and 2 inches wide, ovate to elliptic, short-pointed at the tip, and rounded at the base. The margin will have saw teeth, often with shallow short-pointed lobes. The color is green above, covered with soft hairs beneath.

The flowers are fairly large, up to 1 inch or more across, with 5 white petals, 20 pale yellow stamens and 3 to 5 styles (usually 3). There will be 2 to 5 flowers in a cluster (most often 3) on hairy stalks, occasionally spiny. Flowers occur in the spring.

Fruit is 3 to 5 nutlets in a cluster, maturing in autumn.

Common and Latin species names refer to the number of flowers usually found in a cluster. This distinct local species was named by Alvan Wentworth Chapman (1809 - 1899) in his Flora of the Southern United States.

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