Blue Toadflax - Dwarf Larkspur
Oldfield Toadflax - Canada Toadflax
Nuttallathus canadensis - (Linnaeus) D.A. Sutton
Plantaginaceae (Plantain) Family

Plant is an upright, smooth annual with weak, simple stems 18 to 20 inches tall. Its preferred habitat is disturbed soils, yards, and roadsides. Distribution is throughout the Escambia region.

The leaves are basal, widest at the middle and about 1/2 inch long on short stalks. Stem leaves are needle-like, alternate arrangement and about 1 inch long.

The flowers are a raceme at the tip of the stem, irregular in shape and about 1/2 inch long. The lower lip of the flower is arched to close the throat. A slender spur extends from the base of the flower in the opposite direction of the corolla; usually blue, but occasionally white. Flowers occur in the spring.

Fruit is a many-seeded capsule.

Toadflax is a common weed in most areas. It should not be confused with larkspur, as that plant is of the Buttercup family. The Latin would indicate the plant to be used in olden times similar to flax.

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